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2013 | 62 | 1 | 115-127
Article title

Roślinne efektory cyklicznych nukleotydów

Title variants
Plant effectors of cyclic nucleotides.
Languages of publication
Mechanizmy, za pomocą których sygnały wewnątrz- i zewnątrzkomórkowe wywołują specyficzną odpowiedź biologiczną są istotne dla regulacji funkcji komórek, procesów wzrostu i rozwoju oraz odpowiedzi na zmiany środowiska. W ostatnich latach dokonał się ogromny postęp w badaniu elementów zaangażowanych w regulację procesów zachodzących w komórkach roślinnych o czym świadczy olbrzymia ilość publikacji poruszających problem sygnalizacji komórkowej. Cykliczne nukleotydy (cNMP) są cząsteczkami sygnalnymi, których obecność i zaangażowanie w szereg procesów w komórkach roślinnych nie budzą już wątpliwości. Z fizjologicznego punktu widzenia, stężenie cNMP w miejscu ich działania nie może być ani za wysokie ani za niskie, a jest to normowane przez odpowiednie układy generujące i inaktywujące cykliczne nukleotydy. Ponadto na końcowy efekt biologiczny ma wpływ sprawność systemów efektorowych wrażliwych na zmiany stężenia cyklicznych nukleotydów takich jak fosfodiesterazy, kinazy regulowane lub zależne od cNMP i kanały bramkowane cyklicznymi nukleotydami. W pracy tej podsumowano aktualną wiedzę dotyczącą efektorów cyklicznych nukleotydów, skupiając się zarówno na ich budowie, jak i aspekcie ich funkcjonowania w komórkach roślinnych.
The mechanisms by which intra- and extracellular signals induce a specific biological response are important for the regulation of cell function, processes of growth and development and responses to environmental changes. In recent years, enormous progress has been made in studies of elements involved in the regulation of processes occurring in plant cells. Cyclic nucleotides (cNMP) are signaling molecules whose presence and involvement in a number of processes in plant cells is well documented. From the physiological point of view, the concentration of cNMP's at a site of their action could be neither too high nor too low, as it is controlled by the systems that lead to their synthesis or inactivation. In addition, the final biological effect depends on the efficiency of the effector systems such as cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases, cNMP-dependent or cNMP-regulated protein kinase and cyclic-nucleotide gated channels, that are sensitive to changes in cNMP concentration. In this paper we summarize the current knowledge on the cyclic nucleotide effectors, focusing both on their structure and functioning in plant cells.
Physical description
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  • Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika Katedra Fizjologii Roślin i Biotechnologii Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Polska
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