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2012 | 61 | 1 | 67-76
Article title

Alkohol a hormony

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EN
Alcohol and hormones
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PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Powszechnie uważa się, że picie alkoholu wiąże się z jego właściwościami zmniejszającymi lęk i niepokój. Alkohol etylowy oraz produkty jego metabolizmu przyczyniają się do zmian w funkcjonowaniu wielu tkanek i organów, enzymów i hormonów, a wśród nich także pewnych neuropeptydów, które są biologicznie czynnymi substancjami, działającymi jako neuroprzekaźniki lub neuromodulatory. Zarówno etanol, jak i stres oddziałują na oś podwzgórzowo-przysadkowo-nadnerczową, która odgrywa istotną rolę w etiologii zespołu zależności alkoholowej. Nadużywanie alkoholu indukuje powstawanie zmian w sekrecji trzustkowych enzymów trawiennych, prowadzi do rozwoju przewlekłego alkoholowego zapalenia trzustki, do wystąpienie cukrzycy wtórnej oraz jest czynnikiem ryzyka cukrzycy typu 2. Alkohol powoduje również zwyrodnienie komórek wątrobowych. Zrozumienie tych powiązań i mechanizmów działania hormonów po obciążeniu alkoholem może pomóc w poszukiwaniu nowych leków, które przyczynią się do rozwoju skuteczniejszej farmakoterapii alkoholizmu.
EN
It is widely known that ethanol is consumed for its fear and anxiety reduction properties. Ethyl alcohol and its metabolic products contribute to changes in the functioning of many tissues and organs, enzymes and hormones, among them also some neuropeptides, which act as neurotransmitters or neuromodulators. Both ethanol and stress affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA), which plays an important role in the etiology of the alcohol dependence syndrome. Abusing of alcohol causes liver cells degeneration, induces changes in pancreatic enzymes secretion, contributes to the development of chronic alcoholic pancreatitis, secondary diabetes, and is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Understanding of these relationships and mechanisms of action of hormones after a load of alcohol may help in development of new drugs and more effective pharmacotherapy of alcoholism.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
61
Issue
1
Pages
67-76
Physical description
Dates
published
2012
References
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bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv61p67kz
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