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2012 | 61 | 1 | 57-66
Article title

Alkohol a witaminy

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EN
Alcohol and vitamin
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PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Przewlekłe nadużywanie alkoholu prowadzi do niedożywienia, a tym samym do niedoboru wielu składników pokarmowych głównie witamin A, B, C, D, E i K oraz mikroelementów (Zn, Ca, Se). Obniżenie funkcji biologicznych witamin, a także stres oksydacyjny indukowany alkoholem etylowym może prowadzić do poważnych następstw klinicznych, między innymi do niedokrwistości makrocytowej i megaloblastycznej, zaburzeń neurologicznych, przewlekłych chorób wątroby. Biochemicznym skutkiem niedoboru kwasu foliowego jest podwyższone stężenie homocysteiny we krwi, nazywanej cholesterolem XXI w. Nadmiar homocysteiny we krwi jest z kolei związany ze zwiększonym ryzykiem wystąpienia chorób sercowo-naczyniowych. Hiperhomocysteinemia może być jednym z markerów toksycznego działania alkoholu.
EN
Chronic alcohol abuse leads to malnutrition, and thus to the deficiency of many nutrients, mainly vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K and microelements (Zn, Ca, Se). Reduction of biological functions of vitamins and oxidative stress induced by ethanol can have serious clinical consequences, including macrocytic and megaloblastic anemia, neurological disorders, and chronic liver diseases. Deficiency of folic acid is connected with increased concentration in blood of homocysteine, named "cholesterol of XXI. century". High levels of homocysteine in blood are in turn associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Hiperhomocysteinemia may serve as one of the markers of alcohol toxic effects.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
61
Issue
1
Pages
57-66
Physical description
Dates
published
2012
Contributors
  • Zakład Fizjologii Zwierząt, Instytut Biologii, Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach, Świętokrzyska 15, 25-406 Kielce, Polska
author
  • Zakład Fizjologii Zwierząt, Instytut Biologii, Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach, Świętokrzyska 15, 25-406 Kielce, Polska
  • Samodzielny Publiczny Zakład Opieki Zdrowotnej, Miejski Ośrodek Profilaktyki i Terapii Uzależnień im. bł. Rafała Chylińskiego w Łodzi, Niciarniana 41, 92-320 Łódź, Polska
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