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2012 | 61 | 4 | 573-586
Article title

Interakcje między mszycami a roślinami we wstępnych etapach wyboru żywiciela

Title variants
Interactions between aphids and plants during early steps of the host selection.
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Praca stanowi przegląd informacji na temat biochemicznych i morfologicznych interakcji między mszycami i roślinami podczas wczesnych etapów selekcji żywiciela. Na lądowanie migrujących morf mszyc na żywicielu wpływają najpierw bodźce wzrokowe i węchowe. Żółte i zielone barwniki stymulują zasiedlanie roślin, natomiast niebieskie i czerwone hamują. Ponadto, lotne związki organiczne (VOCs) mogą wpływać na mszyc na początku kolonizacji jako atraktanty lub repelenty. Z drugiej strony mszyce, uszkadzając liście lub inne tkanki roślinne, stymulują emisję VOCs, które zapoczątkowują obronę pośrednią, wabiąc biedronki, pasożytnicze błonkówki i inne parazytoidy lub drapieżców. Związki lotne emitowane w odpowiedzi na żerowanie mszyc mogą partycypować w komunikacji między różnymi roślinami oraz w interakcjach trójtroficznych rośliny-wirusy-mszyce. Po wylądowaniu na powierzchni rośliny mszyce narażone są na oddziaływanie barie mechanicznych, wytwarzanych przez włoski powierzchniowe i kutikulę. W tym etapie interakcji ważną rolę mogą odgrywać toksyny i aresanty wydzielane przez włoski wydzielnicze oraz niektóre związki zlokalizowane na powierzchni rośliny. Jednak struktura i skład chemiczny powierzchni rośliny może także zakłócać behawior naturalnych wrogów mszyc.
Data on biochemical and morphological interactions between aphids and plants during early steps of the host selection were reviewed. Landing of migratory aphid morphs on the hosts is affected by visual and aromatic stimuli at the first step of the colonization. Plant settling is stimulated by yellow and green pigments and depressed by blue and red ones. Moreover, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) may influence the aphids as attractants or repellents at the beginning of colonization. On the other hand, aphid damage to leaves and other plant tissues stimulates release of VOCs that initiate indirect defence through attracting of ladybugs, parasitic wasps and other parasitoids, and predators. In addition, volatile compounds emitted as a result of aphid feeding may participate in plant-plant communication and plant-virus-aphid interactions. After landing aphids are subjected to mechanical barriers formed by trichomes and/or cuticle. Toxins and arrestants secreted by glandular trichomes as well as some compounds localized on plant surface may play important role during this step of the interactions. However, structural and chemical properties of plant surface may also disturb aphids predation by their natural enemies.
Physical description
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