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Journal
2012 | 61 | 1 | 159-167
Article title

Alkohol a ciśnienie tętnicze krwi

Content
Title variants
EN
Alcohol and blood pressure
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
PL
W pracy przedstawiono wpływ alkoholu etylowego na zmiany ciśnienia tętniczego krwi. Ten wpływ można łączyć zarówno z bezpośrednim, jak i pośrednim jego działaniem na kluczowe ogniwa systemów związanych z regulacją ciśnienia tętniczego krwi. Jednak mechanizm tych procesów pomimo szeregu przeprowadzonych badań nie został jak dotąd wyjaśniony. Liczne badania ostatnich lat wykazały, że duże dawki alkoholu wywołują podwyższenie ciśnienia tętniczego krwi (często znacznie przekraczające wartości fizjologiczne) mogąc prowadzić do choroby nadciśnieniowej oraz związanych z nią zaburzeń układu sercowo-naczyniowego, a ostatecznie do zawału czy choroby niedokrwiennej serca. Pomimo braku jednoznacznych danych na temat wpływu małych i średnich dawek alkoholu na zmiany ciśnienia tętniczego krwi dowiedziono, że częste i niekontrolowane (hulaszcze) picie zawsze zwiększa ryzyko choroby nadciśnieniowej. W świetle wyników najnowszych badań mało prawdopodobne wydaje się również ochronne działanie umiarkowanych dawek alkoholu na serce poprzez obniżenie ciśnienia tętniczego, korzystny wpływ na gospodarkę tłuszczową i opóźnienie procesu miażdżycowego. Złożony i wieloczynnikowy układ zależności pomiędzy alkoholem a ciśnieniem tętniczym krwi nie pozwala także w chwili obecnej na określenie "bezpiecznej" (nie powodującej ryzyka choroby nadciśnieniowej) konsumpcji alkoholu. Być może dokładniejsze poznanie mechanizmów rządzących tymi zależnościami może przyczynić się do dokładniejszego jej oszacowania.
EN
This article presents the impact of ethyl alcohol on arterial blood pressure. This relationship can be linked both directly and indirectly with the impact of ethanol on the key stages of regulatory systems responsible for the control of arterial blood pressure. However, these processes are yet to be explained in greater detail by science. Numerous studies over the last years have shown that large doses of alcohol result in high arterial blood pressure (occasionally significantly exceeding the acceptable physiological levels) and may lead to hypertension and disorders in the circulatory system, eventually causing heart failure or ischemic heart disease. Despite the lack of consensus as to the impact of small and medium levels of alcohol consumption on the arterial blood pressure, it has been proved that frequent and uncontrolled consumption of alcohol always increases the risk of hypertension. In light of the latest studies, it is highly unlikely that moderate consumption of alcohol may have any positive impact either on heart, via lowering arterial blood pressure, or on reducing the risk of atherosclerosis, via lowering fats blood level. Due to the complexity of numerous factors influencing the relationship between consumption of alcohol and its impact on the arterial blood pressure it is currently still not possible to unambiguously determine an exact 'safe' (not leading to hypertension) doses of consumed alcohol. Further detailed studies on the mechanisms underlying this relationship may help to achieve a more precise estimation of the alcohol healthy doses.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
61
Issue
1
Pages
159-167
Physical description
Dates
published
2012
Contributors
  • Policealna Szkoła Ratownictwa Medycznego "TECHNIK", Chodkiewicza 22, 80-506 Gdańsk, Polska
  • Wyższa Szkoła Nauk o Zdrowiu, Karpacka 54, 85-164 Bydgoszcz, Polska
  • Miejski Ośrodek Profilaktyki i Terapii Uzależnień, Niciarniana 41, 92-320 Łódź, Polska
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv61p159kz
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