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2011 | 60 | 1-2 | 61-80
Article title

Wpływ lodowców i lodu na zoobentos obszarów polarnych

Title variants
The influence of glaciers and ice on polar zoobenthos.
Languages of publication
Zaprezentowano przegląd informacji dotyczących problematyki zaburzeń siedlisk bentosowych spowodowanych aktywnością lodowców (dopływ wody słodkiej i zawiesiny mineralnej) oraz bezpośrednim wpływem lodu. Scharakteryzowane zostały zgrupowania fauny związane z zaburzonymi siedliskami w tym między innymi ich skład gatunkowy, bogactwo gatunkowe i różnorodność oraz biomasa. Zaprezentowano też informacje o tempie oraz stadiach odbudowy zgrupowań po epizodach zaburzeń. W tym kontekście zwrócono uwagę na kwestie gatunków pionierskich, sposoby zasiedlania oraz konkurencję. Ponadto przedyskutowano problematykę związaną z potencjalnymi, długofalowymi zmianami w zgrupowaniach polarnego zoobentosu, które spowodowane są wzrastającą częstotliwością zaburzeń związaną z ociepleniem klimatu. Poruszono kwestie zmian zasięgów, zaburzeń w sieciach troficznych, a także zagrożeń związanych z wpływem gatunków inwazyjnych.
The information about the disturbance processes associated with the activity of glaciers (melt water influence and inorganic suspension matter inflow) as well as ice scour disturbance with focus on iceberg disturbance is given. Characteristics of the faunal communities associated with the disturbed sites are presented, including information on the species composition, species richness and diversity, as well as biomass. Information about the rate and stages of community recovery are presented. Detailed data on recolonization processes are given including information about pioneer species, migration processes and interspecific competition. The discussion upon possible scenarios of changes in the polar benthic communities, associated with increasing frequency of disturbance after climate changes are also presented including such processes as range and bathymetrical changes, distortions in the trophic webs and threats from the invasive species.
Physical description
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