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Journal
2011 | 60 | 3-4 | 459-473
Article title

Źródła i mechanizmy odporności buraka cukrowego oraz dzikich form z rodzaju beta na bnyvv

Content
Title variants
EN
The resistance of sugar beet and its wild relatives from the genus beta to bnyvv - sources and mechanisms
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Rizomania jest chorobą buraka cukrowego wywoływaną przez wirus nekrotycznego żółknięcia nerwów buraka BNYVV, który powoduje znaczące jakościowe i ilościowe straty plonu tej ekonomicznie istotnej rośliny w skali światowej. Za najbardziej skuteczną metodę walki z rozprzestrzenianiem choroby, umożliwiającą uprawę w warunkach porażenia uznaje się stosowanie odmian wyprowadzonych w toku hodowli odpornościowej. Jednakże żaden z dotychczas opisanych genów nie warunkuje całkowitej odporności, a jedynie tolerancję na wirus. Jednocześnie z powodu pojawiania się szczepów zdolnych do przełamywania odporności, przeszukiwanie zasobów dzikich form z rodzaju Beta jest kluczowe dla dalszej identyfikacji nowych źródeł odporności, a w konsekwencji dla utrzymania ciągłej produkcji konkurencyjnych odmian buraka cukrowego. W niniejszej pracy dokonano przeglądu znanych obecnie źródeł odporności, jak również przedstawiono podstawowe mechanizmy istotne dla jej wykształcenia.
EN
Rhizomania is a disease of sugar beet induced by Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) that has been responsible for both quantitative and qualitative significant yield losses of this economically important crop worldwide. The most effective method of protection that enables production under infestation conditions is believed to be resistance breeding. However, none of the genes identified thus far seems to be able to condition a fully resistant genotype. Additionally, due to the appearance of resistance-breaking strains of the virus, screening of wild relatives is crucial for further identification of new resistance sources and, consequently, for continuous production of competitive sugar beet cultivars. This review presents an overview of currently known resistance sources as well as highlights some basic mechanisms involved in resistance expression.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
60
Issue
3-4
Pages
459-473
Physical description
Dates
published
2011
Contributors
  • Instytut Hodowli i Aklimatyzacji Roślin, Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Zakład Genetyki i Hodowli Roślin Korzeniowych, Powstańców Wielkopolskich 10, 85-090 Bydgoszcz, Polska
  • Instytut Ochrony Roślin, Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Zakład Wirusologii i Bakteriologii, W. Węgorka 20, 60-318 Poznań, Polska
  • Instytut Hodowli i Aklimatyzacji Roślin, Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Zakład Genetyki i Hodowli Roślin Korzeniowych, Powstańców Wielkopolskich 10, 85-090 Bydgoszcz, Polska
  • Instytut Ochrony Roślin, Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Zakład Wirusologii i Bakteriologii, W. Węgorka 20, 60-318 Poznań, Polska
author
  • Instytut Hodowli i Aklimatyzacji Roślin, Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Zakład Genetyki i Hodowli Roślin Korzeniowych, Powstańców Wielkopolskich 10, 85-090 Bydgoszcz, Polska
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Publication order reference
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bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv60p459kz
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