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Journal
2011 | 60 | 1-2 | 33-42
Article title

Właściwości biologiczne izoprostanów

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Title variants
EN
Biological properties of isoprostanes.
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Peroksydacja nienasyconych kwasów tłuszczowych wchodzących w skład fosfolipidów zmienia ich aktywność biologiczną i wpływa na integralność błon komórkowych. Istnieją dwie drogi utleniania kwasów tłuszczowych - enzymatyczna i nieenzymatyczna. Wolne wielonienasycone kwasy tłuszczowe mogą być utleniane przy udziale licznych enzymów tworząc różne klasy mediatorów lipidowych: prostaglandyn, tromboksanów, prostacyklin, lipoksyn i hepoksylin. Nieenzymatyczna peroksydacja lipidów jest inicjowana przez wolne rodniki i prowadzi do powstania innych produktów peroksydacji, głównie izoprostanów, izotromboksanów, izolewuglandyn i izofuranów. Praca przedstawia obecny stan wiedzy dotyczący struktury i powstawania izoprostanów, końcowych produktów utleniania wielonienasyconego kwasu tłuszczowego - kwasu arachidonowego (kwas 5,8,11,14-eikozatetraenowy; ω-6). Opisuje też możliwość wykorzystania tych mediatorów lipidowych jako ważnych biomarkerów stresu oksydacyjnego w organizmie człowieka. Ponadto, w pracy przedstawiono aktywność biologiczną i znaczenie fizjologiczne izoprostanów, głównie ich działanie na naczynia krwionośne. Scharakteryzowano również właściwości fitoprostanów pochodzących z roślin i opisano ilościowe metody wykorzystywane do oznaczania izoprostanów w materiale biologicznym.
EN
Oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids changes the biological activity of phospholipids that are important for the integrity of cellular membranes. Two pathways of lipid peroxidation can occur: enzymatic and nonenzymatic. Free polyunsaturated fatty acids can be oxidized by multiple enzymes forming the reactive lipid mediators such as prostaglandins, thromboxanes, prostacyclins, lipoxins and hepoxylins. Nonenzymatic lipid peroxidation process initiated by free radicals leads to the formation of different products, mainly isoprostanes, isothromboxanes, isolevuglandins and isofuranes. The review summarized current knowledge on the structure and formation of final products of nonenzymatic oxidized polyunsaturated fatty acid (arachidonic acid, ω-6). Potential applications of its oxidized metabolites, especially isoprostanes as the most important biomarkers of oxidative stress in human diseases are determined. Biological activities and physiological role of isoprostanes, especially their effects on the vessel wall are described. The properties of phytoprostanes derived from plants are also characterized. The quantitative used for the estimation of isoprostanes are presented.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
60
Issue
1-2
Pages
33-42
Physical description
Dates
published
2011
Contributors
  • Katedra Biochemii Ogólnej, Uniwersytet Łódzki, Pomorska 141/3, 90-236 Łódź, Polska
  • Katedra Biochemii Ogólnej, Uniwersytet Łódzki, Pomorska 141/3, 90-236 Łódź, Polska
author
  • Katedra Biochemii Ogólnej, Uniwersytet Łódzki, Pomorska 141/3, 90-236 Łódź, Polska
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv60p33kz
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