PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
Journal
2007 | 56 | 3-4 | 285-291
Article title

Zasady analizy ryzyka dla fauny pożytecznej przy wprowadzaniu odmian zmodyfikowanych genetycznie do środowiska

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
Principles of risk assesment for beneficial fauna on introduction of GM plants
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
Greenhouse and laboratory experiments reported have included DKc307 maize cultivar with Cry 1Ab gene (MON 810) as the GM reference crop and cv. Monumental, its isogenic line as representative of the first trophic level and a) Ephestia kuhniella Zell. and its parasitoid Venturia canescens, b) Rhopalosiphum padi L. and parasitic Aphidius colemani Viereck as the second and third level relations. No significant differences in larval survival of E. kuhniella on MON 810 flour in comparison to its non - GM isoline was observed, however, the average weight of larvae reared on MON 810 flour was significant lower. This effect did not affect the level of parasitation by V. canescens. The results clearly showed that grain and flour made of MON 810 during their storage should be less infected by the moth larvae and the role of parasitoid even stronger. It was confirmed that Cry 1Ab toxin did not showed a toxic effect on R. padi aphids feeding on MON 810. In addition they developed higher (but not significantly) populations on the transgenic plants, both in the winter and summer greenhouse tests. Higher aphids' parasitation level by A. colemani was observed on MON 810 in the summer tests and on cv. Monumental in the winter bio-assays, indicating an effect of season on the tri-trophic relations.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
56
Issue
3-4
Pages
285-291
Physical description
Dates
published
2007
Contributors
  • Katedra Entomologii Stosowanej, Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego w Warszawie, ul. Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warszawa, Polska
References
  • Górecka J., Dąbrowski Z. t., Godzina M., Kubis K., 2007. Validation of some techniques used in the evaluation of GM plant's effect on tri-trophic relations. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (w druku).
  • Hellmich R. L., Prasifka J. R., Wolt D., Sears M. K., 2005. A framework for evaluating possible non-target of transgenic corn in the United States: standardizing laboratory tests. IOBC/ WPRS Bulletin, Working group 'GMOs in Integrated Plant Production' Proceedings of the meeting 'Ecological Impact of Genetically Modified Organisms' Ileida (Spain), 36.
  • Lathan J. R., Wilson A. K., 2006. Unintended phenotypic consequences in transgenic plants. Abstracts. Workshop 'Environmental risk assessment of GM plants: discussion and consensus'. Rotendalle (Italy), 5-9 June 2006, 16.
  • Lozzia G. G., 1999. Biodiversity and structure of ground beetle assemblages (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in Bt corn and its effect on non-target insects. Boll. Zool. Agrari. Bachic. Ser. II 34, 37-58.
  • Lozzia G. G., Furlanis C., Manachinib., Rigamonti I. E., 1998. Effects of Bt corn on Rhopalosiphum padi L. (Rhynchota: Aphididae) and on predator Chrysoperla carnea Stephen (Neuroptera: Chrysopindae). Boll. Zool. Agrar. Bachic. Ser. II 30, 153-164.
  • Lumbierres B., Albajes R., Pons X., 2004. Transgenic Bt maize and Rhopalosiphum padi (Hom. Aphididae) performance. Ecol. Entomol. 29, 309-317.
  • Romeis J., 2004. Workshop report - Impact of GM crops on natural enemies. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin 27/3, 193-195.
  • Romeis J., Meissle M., Bigler F., 2006. Transgenic crops expressing Bacillus thuringensis toxins and biological control. Nature Biotechnol. 24, 63-71.
  • Rose R. I., 2005. Tier-based testing for potential effects of proteinasceous insecticidal plant-incorporated protectants on non-target invertebrates in the context of regulatory risk assessments. IOBC/ WPRS Bulletin, Working group 'GMOs in Integrated Plant Production' Proceedings of the meeting 'Ecological Impact of Genetically Modified Organisms' Ileida (Spain), 32.
  • Saxena D., Stotzky G., 2001. Bt corn has a higher lignin content than non - Bt corn. Am. J. Bot. 88, 1704-1706.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv56p285kz
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.