PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
Journal
2007 | 56 | 1-2 | 123-131
Article title

Telemetria w teriologii

Content
Title variants
EN
Telemetry in theriology
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
This article presents the subject connected with wildlife researches, especially with tracking mammals in their natural environment. Telemetry is the most advanced method used in wildlife studies. It is a technique of gathering information about animals by using radio waves. It allows to accumulate data on location about an individual animal over time. Three distinct types of telemetry are in use today: - the very high frequency radio-tracking (VHF), - satellite tracking, - Global Positioning System tracking (GPS). In VHF radio-tracking an animal wearing a transmitter can be tracked by a researcher with a receiver and directional antenna. The satellite telemetry also uses a special transmitter attached to an animal. The device sends an ultra high frequency signal to satellites. The satellites calculate the position of the animal based on the Doppler effect and send this information to the receiver on the ground. The GPS tracking, in contrast to the two previous methods, is based on a radio receiver, not transmitter, attached to the animal. The receiver picks up signals from several satellites and calculates the current position of the animal. This data can be stored or immediately send to the researcher. The sending of information can be made by two ways: first - by using another satellite and second - by using an antenna on the ground. The VHF radio-tracking is the standard method used in researches on mammals, therefore the paper is concentrated on this technique. It describes: essential equipment, methods of tracking and possibilities of application of the VHF radio-tracking in theriology, especially in Poland. The basic components of the radio-tracking system are: a transmitting subsystem consisting of a radio transmitter, a power source, a propagating antenna; and a receiving subsystem including a "pick-up" antenna, a signal receiver and power supply. In the VHF radio-tracking transmitting subsystem there are some electronic components inside the transmitter to create the radio signal of special, individual frequency. As a source of power there are usually used lithium batteries or silver oxide batteries or solar cells, but not so often. The solar batteries can be used only for animals who live in wide open areas. The life of all transmitting subsystems is depended on the life of the batteries and it is connected with the size and weight of the transmitter. Very important thing is the method of attachment. There are lots of solutions. The most popular are collars, but there are also harnesses, glue-one transmitters or implantable transmitters. In Poland, telemetry is mainly used in many wildlife studies, to monitor the populations of big predators - wolf and lynx, other animals like European bison and roe deer, and small mammals like doormouse or common vole and many others. The radio-tracking permits to complete information such as: size of the home range, migration, spatial organization of population, breeding behaviour, and main causes of death, without any interference in the animals normal behaviour. The implantable transmitters are also able to collect many physiological parameters. The development of radio-tracking is necessary to complete our knowledge about biology and ecology of animal species, because it is the basis of effective protection of nature.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
56
Issue
1-2
Pages
123-131
Physical description
Dates
published
2007
Contributors
  • Uniwersytet Technologiczno-Przyrodniczy im. Jana i Jędrzeja Śniadeckich, Katedra Zoologii, Kordeckiego 20, 85-225 Bydgoszcz, Polska
References
  • Błażejewski F., 2001. Zarys zoologii systematycznej. Wyd. Naukowe ATR, Bydgoszcz.
  • Butchkoski C. M., 2004. Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis) radio tracking and telemetry studies - getting started. [W:] Proceedings of Indiana Bat and Coal Mining: A Technical Interactive Forum. Vories K. C., Harrington A. (red.). U. S. Department of Interior Office of Surface Mining, Coal Research Center, Southern Illinois University, Alton-Carbondale, Illinois, 69-80.
  • Daleszczyk K., Krasińska M., Krasiński Z., Bunevich A. N., 2006. Zmiana klimatu w Puszczy Białowieskiej a wykorzystanie różnych typów środowiska przez żubry. [W:] Perspektywy rozwoju populacji żubrów. Konferencja Naukowa, 13-14. 10. 2006. Ośrodek Edukacji Ekologicznej 'Pszczyńskie żubry' przy Nadleśnictwie Kobiór, 11.
  • Gliwicz J., 1997. Space use in the root vole: basic patterns and variability. Ecography 20, 383-389.
  • Gliwicz J., 2004. Od żbika do nornika czyli jak telemetria wspiera ochronę ssaków. [W:] Ochrona ssaków - populacje wolno żyjące. Ogólnopolska Konferencja, 19-20. 03. 2004. Uniwersytet Adama Mickiewicza, Poznań, 19.
  • Jędrzejewska B., Wójcik J. M. (red.), 2004. Eseje o ssakach Puszczy Białowieskiej. Zakład Badania Ssaków PAN, Białowieża.
  • Jędrzejewski W., Jędrzejewska B., Schmidt K., Okarma H., Kowalczyk R., 1999. Ekologia rysia (Lynx lynx) w Puszczy Białowieskiej. Wiad. Ekol. 45, 17- 41.
  • Jędrzejewski W., Jędrzejewska B., Zub K., Nowakowski W. K., 2000. Activity patterns of radio - tracked weasles Mustela nivalis in Białowieża National Park (E Poland). Ann. Zool. Fennici 37, 161-168.
  • Jędrzejewski W., Schmidt K., Theuerkauf J., Jędrzejewska B., Okarma H., 2001. Daily movements and territory use by radio - collared wolves (Canis lapus) in Białowieża Primeval Forest in Poland. Can. J. Zool. 79, 1993-2004.
  • Jędrzejewski W., Nowak S., Schmidt K., Jędrzejewska B., 2002a. Wilk i ryś w Polce - wyniki inwentaryzacji w 2001 roku. Kosmos 51, 491-499.
  • Jędrzejewski W., Schmidt K., Okarma H, Kowalczyk R., 2002b. Movement pattern and home range use by the Eurasian lynx in Białowieża Primeval Forest (Poland). Ann. Zool. Fennici 39, 29-41.
  • Jędrzejewski W., Schmidt K., Jędrzejewska B., Theuerkauf J., Kowalczyk R., Zub K., 2004. The proces sof a wolf pack splitting in Białowieża Primeval Forest, Poland. Acta Theriol. 49, 257-280.
  • Jurczyszyn M., 2001. Reintroduction of the edible dormouse (Glis glis) in Sierakowski Landscape Park (Poland). Preliminary results. Trakya Univ. J. Sci. Res. Series B 2, 111-114.
  • Jurczyszyn M., 2006. The use of space by translocated edible dormice, Glis glis (L.), at the site of their original capture and the site f their release: radio - tracking method applied in a reintroduction experiment. Pol. J. Ecol. 54, 345-350.
  • Jurczyszyn M., Zgrabczyńska E., 2002. Home range size of the wild and reintroduced edible dormice (Glis glis). Adv. Ethology 37, 40.
  • Kenward R., E., 2001. A Manual of Wildlife Radio Tagging. Academic Press, Londyn-California.
  • Kowalczyk R., Jędrzejewska B., Zalewski A., 2003a. Annual and circadian activity patterns of badgers Meles meles in Białowieża Primeval Forest (E Poland) compared to other Palaearctic populations. J. Biogeogr. 30, 463-472.
  • Kowalczyk R., Zalewski A., Jędrzejewska B., Jędrzejewski W., 2003b. Spatial organization and demography of badgers Meles meles in Białowieża Forest (Poland) and the influence of earthworms on badger densities in Europe. Can. J. Zool. 81, 74-87.
  • Kowalczyk R., Zalewski A., Jędrzejewska B., 2004. Seasonal and spatial pattern of shelter use by badgers Meles meles in Białowieża Primeval Forest (Poland). Acta Theriol. 49, 75-92.
  • Kowalczyk R., Krasiński Z. A., Krasińska M., 2006. Strategie rujowe byków żubra w Puszczy Białowieskiej. [W:] Perspektywy rozwoju populacji żubrów. Konferencja Naukowa, 13-14. 10. 2006. Ośrodek Edukacji Ekologicznej 'Pszczyńskie żubry' przy Nadleśnictwie Kobiór, 10-11.
  • Krasińska M., Krasiński Z., Bunevich A. N., 2000. Factors affecting the variability in home range size and distribution in European bison in the Polish and Belarussian parts of the Białowieża Forest. Acta Theriol. 45, 321-334.
  • Mech L. D., Shannon M. B., 2002. A critique of wildlife radio - tracking and its use in national parks: a report to the U. S. National Park Service. U. S. Geological Survey, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Jamestown.
  • Millspaugh J. J., Marzluff J. M., 2001. Radio Tracking and Animal Populations. Academic Press, Londyn-California.
  • Perzanowski K., Januszczak M., 2004. Wstępna ocena dynamiki areałów żubrów Bison bonasus w Bieszczadach. Parki Nar. i Rez. Przyr. 23, 639-646.
  • Pirga B., Gula R., 2005. Spójność środowiska bytowania populacji wilka (Canis lupus) na antropogenicznie zmienionych obszarach Bieszczadów i Pogórza. [W:] Zmiany w populacjach ssaków jako pochodna dynamiki zmian środowiska. Hędrzak M. (red.). AR, Kraków, 72-77.
  • Reklewski J., Pukos P., 2000. Ryś w Kampinoskim Parku Narodowym. Przyroda Polska 8, 8-9.
  • Ruczyński I., Bogdanowicz W., 2005. Roost cavity selection by Nyctalus noctula and N. leisleri in Białowieża Primeval Forest, Eastern Poland. J. Mamm. 86, 921-930.
  • Samuel M. D., Fuller M. R., 1996. Wildlife radiotelemetry. [W:] Research and Management Techniques for Wildlife and Habitats. Bookhout T. A. (red.). The Wildlife Society, Bethesda, Maryland, 370-418.
  • Schmidt K., Jędrzejewski W., Okarma H., 1997. Spatial oraganization and social relations in the Eurasian lynx population in Białowieża Primeval Forest. Acta Theriol. 42, 289-312.
  • Schmidt K., 1998. Maternal behaviour and juvenile ispersal in the Eurasian lynx. Acta Theriol. 43, 391-408.
  • Snyder N. F. R., Beissinger S. R., Fuller M. R., 1989. Solar radio - transmitters on snail kites in Florida. J. Field Ornith. 60, 171-177.
  • Śmietana W., 2005. Dynamika liczebności i organizacje przestrzenna wilków w Bieszczadach Wysokich. [W:] Zmiany w populacjach ssaków jako pochodna dynamiki zmian środowiska. Hędrzak M. (red.). AR, Kraków, 84-85.
  • Śmietana W., Wajda J. 1997. Wolf number changes in Bieszczady National Park, Poland. Acta Theriol. 42, 241-253.
  • Theuerkauf J., Jędrzejewski W., Schmidt K., Okarma H., Ruczyński I., Śnieżko S., Gula R., 2003. Daily patterns and duration of wolf activity in the Białowieża Forest, Poland. J. Mamm. 84, 243-253.
  • Wasilewski M., 2001. Wpływ mozaiki polno - leśnej na sposób użytkowania terenu przez sarny Capreolus capreolus Linnaeus, 1758. Wyd. SGGW, Warszawa.
  • Zalewski A., Jędrzejewski W., Jędrzejewska B., 1995. Pine marten home ranges, numbers and predation on vertebrates in a deciduous forest (Białowieża National Park, Poland). Ann. Zool. Fennici 32, 131-144.
  • Zalewski A., Jędrzejewski W., Jędrzejewska B., 2004. Mobility and home range by pine marten (Martes martes) in a Polish primeval forest. Ecoscience 11, 113-122.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv56p123kz
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.