Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2006 | 55 | 4 | 355-364
Article title

Daleka i bliższa chemia międzygwiazdowa

Title variants
Interstellar chemistry: from far away to nearby
Languages of publication
It is not more than 4 decades ago that the very existence of a complex interstellar chemistry was generally recognized. The development of astro-spectroscopic methods in ultraviolet, visible, infrared, and especially in the microwave range led to the detection of many molecules, from diatomic to complex organic ones, dwelling in cold, gigantic and extremely diluted clouds of interstellar matter. Underlying chemical processes — taking place in disparate regions of the galaxy, as well in the gas phase as on the surfaces of minute dust grains, or within the icy shells surrounding mineral dust particles — are being uncovered due to the collective effort of researchers specializing in astrophysics, spectroscopy, laboratory experiments and chemical theory. Factors and reasons leading to the synthesis of interstellar molecules, some of them very exotic by terrestrial standards, are briefly described here and put in the context of the stellar evolution and of the galactic recycling of matter. The role of comets, objects which bridge the gap between the interstellar medium and the solar system, is underlined. Reader’s attention is also drawn to potential astrochemical aspects of the prebiotic processes on early earth.
Physical description
  • Instytut Chemii Fizycznej Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Kasprzaka 44, 01-224 Warszawa, Polska
  • Bockelée-Morvan D. I 17 Współaut., 2000. New Molecules Found In Comet C/1995 O1 (hale-bopp). Astron. Astrophys. 353, 1101-1114.
  • Brandt J. C., Chapman R. D., 2004. Introduction To Comets. Cambridge Univ. Press. Cernicharo J., Heras A. M., Tielens A. G. G. M., Pardo J. R., Herpin F., Guélin M., Waters L. B. F. M., 2001. Infrared Space Observatory Discovery Of C4h2, C6h2 And Benzene In Crl 618. Astropys. J. 546, L123-l126.
  • Claeys P., 2005. Les Impacts D’astéroïdes Ou De Comètes Et L’évolution De La Terre. [w:] Des Atomes Aux Planètes Habitables. Gargaud M. (red.), Presses Universitaires De Bordeaux, Pessac, 101-134.
  • Crovisier J., Encrenaz T., 2000. Comet Science. Cambridge Univ. Press. Delsemme A. H., 2001. An Argument For The Cometary Origin Of The Biosphere. Sci. Am. 89, 432-442.
  • Dishoeck E. F., Blake G. A., 1998. Chemical Evolution Of Star Forming Regions. Annu. Rev.astron. Astrophys.36, 317-368.
  • Dufay J., 1966. Les Comètes. Presses Universitaires De France, Paris. Duley W. W., 2000. Chemical Evolution Of Carbonaceous Material In Interstellar Clouds. Astrophys. J. 528, 841-848.
  • Duley W. W., Williams D. A., 1984. Interstellar Chemistry. Academic Press, London. Ehrenfreund P., Charnley S. B., 2000. Organic Molecules In The Interstellar Medium, Comets And Meteorites. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 38, 427-483.
  • Galazutdinov G. A., Musaev F. A., Krełowski J., Walker G. A. H., 2000. Narrow Diffuse Interstellar Bands: A Survey With Precise Wavelengths. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 112, 648-690.
  • Habing H. J., 1996. Circumstellar Envelopes And Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars. Astron. Astrophys. Rev. 7, 97-207.
  • Herbig G. H., 1995. The Diffuse Interstellar Bands. Annu. Rev. Astrophys. 33, 19-74.
  • Hong S. S., Greenberg J. M., 1980. A Unified Model Of Interstellar Grains. Astron. Astrophys. 88, 194. Kołos R., Grabowski Z. R., 2000. The Chemistry And Prospects For Interstellar Detection Of Some Dicyanoacetylenes And Other Cyanoacetylene-related Species. Astroph. & Space Sci. 271, 65-72.
  • Krełowski J., 2002. Organic Molecules And The Diffuse Interstellar Bands. Astrophys. J. 30, 1395-1407.
  • Kuchowicz B., 1979. Kosmochemia. Pwn, Warszawa. Kaiser R. I., 2002. Experimental Investigation On The Formation Of Carbon-bearing Molecules In The Interstellar Medium Via Neutral-neutral Reactions. Chem. Rev. 102, 1309-1358.
  • Lang K. R., 1980. Astrophysical Formulae. Springer, Berlin. Mathis J. S., 1990. Interstellar Dust And Extinction. Annu. Rev. Astrophys. 28, 37-70.
  • Meier R., Owen T. C., Matthews H. E., Jewitt D. C., Bockelee-morvan D., Biver N., Crovisier J., Gautier D., 1998. A Determination Of The Hdo/h2o Ration In Comet C/1995 (hale-bopp). Science 279, 842-844.
  • Oort J. H., 1950. The Structure Of Cloud Of The Comets Surrounding The Solar System And A Hypothesis Concerining Its Structure. Bull. Astr. Inst. Netherl. 11, 91-110.
  • Sanchez R. A., Ferris J. P., Orgel L. E., 1966. Cyanoacetylene In Prebiotic Synthesis. Science 154, 784-785.
  • Snyder L. E., Buhl D., Zuckerman B., Palmer P., 1969. Microwave Detection Of Interstellar Formaldehyde. Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 679-681.
  • Tielens A. G. G. M., 2005. The Physics And Chemistry Of The Interstellar Medium. Cambridge University Press. Whipple F. L., 1950. A Comet Model I. The Acceleration Of Comet Encke. Astrophys. J. 111, 375-394.
  • Wilson T. L., Rood R. T., 1994. Abundances In The Interstellar Medium. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 32, 191
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.