PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
Journal
2006 | 55 | 2-3 | 259-265
Article title

Pyłek odmian roślin uprawnych modyfikowanych genetycznie a motyle

Content
Title variants
EN
Pollen of genetically modified crops and butterflies
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
The Authors’ critical review of laboratory and field experiments and observations on the effect of Bt maize pollen on butterflies (Lepidoptera) was provoked by two factors: (a) continuous uncritical reference by various groups of public in Europe and especially in Poland to the first report by losey et al. (1999) and ignoring following publications by other US researchers, and (b) recent discussions by members of the Polish Parliament (June 2006) and various advisory groups to the European Commission (May and June 2006). losey et al. (1999) in their correspondence to Nature reported that pollen from Bt maize could be hazardous to the larvae of the monarch butterfly, receiving much attention from the media. The following detailed studies by other scientists have proven that the experimental techniques and data extrapolation by the losey’s group did not reflect a real relation between maize pollen and monarch butterfly. The hazard is a function of exposure, e.g. larval development must coincide with maize anthesis (pollen shed), which takes place only in a few regions in the USA. Again, pollen movement and deposition decreased rapidly 2 to 3 m from the maize fields. The field observations on differences in butterfly fauna around Bt and non-Bt maize fields carried out in some European countries demonstrated that a special attention should be paid to a proper methodology (a number of replications and size of field margin under observation) and a caution should be taken in drawing conclusions. There is consensus between the EU experts that more research is needed on butterfly fauna in and around maize fields before the release of Bt maize for a wide cultivation in Europe is approved.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
55
Issue
2-3
Pages
259-265
Physical description
Dates
published
2006
Contributors
  • Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego Katedra Entomologii Stosowanej, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warszawa, Polska
  • Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego Katedra Entomologii Stosowanej, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warszawa, Polska
References
  • LITERATUTA
  • Bartsch D., 2004. Separation of risk assessment from risk management — how science feeds decision making. [W:] 8th International symposium on the biosafyty of genetically modified organisms. 26-30. 09. 2004, Montpellier, France. International Society for Biosafety Research, 181-186.
  • Chrispeels M. J., Sadava D. E., 2003. Plants, genes and crop biotechnology. Wyd. II. Jones and Bartlett, Sudbury, USA.
  • Dąbrowski Z. T., 2005. Wpływ transgenicznych odmian tolerujących herbicydy na wybrane elementy agrocenoz — doświadczenia brytyjskie. Post. Nauk Roln. 1, 105-119.
  • Dąbrowski Z. T., 2006a. Sprawozdanie ze spotkania Grupy Roboczej ds. Procedur w ramach Dyrektywy 2001/18/EC, 19 czerwca 2006 r., Bruksela. Ministerstwo Środowiska, Warszawa, Mimeograf.
  • Dąbrowski Z. T., 2006b. Sprawozdanie z udziału w spotkaniu ekspertyckiej Grupy ds. Monitringu po wprowadzeniu do obrotu produktów genetycznie zmodyfikowanych, 30-31 maja 2006 r., Rzym, Włochy. Ministerstwo Środowiska, Warszawa.
  • Dimas S., 2005. Commision decision of 3 November 2005 concerning the placing on the market, in accordance with Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of a maize product [Zea mays., line 1507] genetically modified for resistance to certain lepidopteran pests and for tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate- ammonium. Official J. European Union 2005/772/EC 291, 42-44.
  • European Commission (EC), 2001. Comprehensive review of the results of EC-supported research into the safety of genetically modified organisms 1984-2000. htt://europa.eu.int.comm/research/
  • quality-of-life/gmo/index/html.
  • European Commission (EC), 2004. Plants for the future: a European vision for plant genomics and biotechnology. Sixth Framework Programme. Entomological Society Of America (Esa ), 2002. Esa position statement on transgenic insect-resistant crops: potential benefits and hazards. http// www.entsoc.org/ publicaffairs /position_papers/gm_crops.htm>
  • European Science Foundation (ESF), 2004. ESF Conference 'Measuring and monitoring the impact of GMOs', University of Cambridge, 31.03.-1.04.2004.
  • Gatehouse A. M. R., 2004. Plant transformation: methodology, applications and the potential for unintended effects. IOBC wprs Bulletin 27, 1-5.
  • Hellmich R. L., Siegfried B. D., 2001. Bt corn and the monarch butterfly: research update. [W:] Genetically modified organisms in agriculture. Nelson G. C. (red.). Academic Press, 283-289.
  • International Society For Biosafety Research (ISBR), 2004. 8th International Symposium on the Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms, 26-30.09.2004. Montpellier, France.
  • International Organization Of Biological Control (IOBC), 2004. Ecological impact of genetically modified organisms. Romeis J., Bigler F. (red.). IOBC/WPRS Bulletin 27 (3), Dijon, France.
  • International Organization Of Biological Control (IOBC) 2005. Ecological impact of genetically modified organisms. Programme, abstracts and list of participants. 1-3.06.2005. Universitat de Ileida., Ileida, Spain.
  • James C. 2005. Global status of commercialized biotech/ GM crops: 2005. ISAAA Briefs 34. http:// www.isaaa.org/kc/Global%20Statu
  • Lang A., Iudy C., Vojt ech E., 2004. Dispersion and deposition of Bt maize pollen in field margins. J. Plant Dis. Prot. 111, 417-428.
  • Losey J. E., Rayor L. S., Carter M. E., 1999. Transgenic pollen harm monarch larvae. Nature 399, 214.
  • Pleasants J. M., Hellmich R. L., Dively G. D., Sears M. K., Stanley-Horn D. E., Matt ila H. R., Foster J. E., Clark P., Jones G. D., 2001. Corn pollen deposition on milkweeds in and near cornfields. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 11919-11924.
  • Raynor G. S., Ogden E. C., Hayes J. V., 1972. Dispersion and deposition of corn pollen from experimental sources. Agronomy J. 64, 420-427.
  • Twardowski T., Zimny J., Twardowska A., 2003. Biobezpieczeństwo biotechnologii. Agencja EDYTOR, Poznań.
  • Wolt J. D., Hellmich R. L., Prasifka J. R., Sears M. K. 2005. Global regulatory perspectives regarding transgenic crop risks to non-target insects: the case of Cry1F maize and butterflies. [W:] Ecological impact of genetically modified organisms. IOBC/WPRS Working Group on GMO’s in Integrated Plant Production. Universitat de Lleida, Spain, 37.
  • Wraight C. L., Zangerl A. R., Carroll M. J., Berenbaum M. R., 2000. Absence of toxicity of Bacillus thuringensis pollen to black swallowtails under field conditions. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 7700-7703.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv55p259kz
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.