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Journal
2004 | 53 | 2 | 201-206
Article title

Wykorzystanie roślin do wytwarzania biofarmaceutyków

Content
Title variants
EN
The production of biopharmaceuticals in plants
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
Summary The use of plants for medicinal purposes dates back thousands years but genetic engineering of plants to produce desired biopharmaceuticals is much more recent. "Molecular farming" is the production of recombinant proteins in plants. It is intended to increase the power of agriculture to cultivate and harvest transgenic plants producing recombinant therapeutics. Molecular farming has the potential to provide diagnostic and therapeutic tools in both health care and the life science. In the past decade, plants have been actively considered as an important expression system and a number of recombinant proteins such as hepatitis B (HbsAg) or cholera toxin B were produced in this system. Plant expression system may be useful for producing pharmaceuticals, as large amount of protein can be produced at a relatively low cost. In addition, plants are capable of complex post-traslationalmodification as that in Eukaryota. Preliminary clinical trials using transgenic lettuce plants expressing hepatitis B virus surface antigen showed encouraging immune response in human volunteers, thus suggesting that humanmay be immunised orally against HBV with plants expressing the viral antigen. Plant - derived biopharmaceuticals are cheap to produce and store, easy to scale up for mass production and safer than those derived from animals. Positive sides as well as possible negative concerns connected with molecular farming are discussed in the article.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
53
Issue
2
Pages
201-206
Physical description
Dates
published
2004
Contributors
  • IV Liceum Ogólnokształcące, Pomorska 16, 91-416 Łódź, Polska
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv53p201kz
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