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Journal
2003 | 52 | 2-3 | 307-314
Article title

Okrzemki - organizmy, które odniosły sukces

Content
Title variants
EN
Diatoms - organisms that have been successful
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
Summary Diatoms (Diatomae, Bacillariophyceae) constitute the most abundant and most diverse group of algae. In science, nature and human activity they fulfill an exceptional function ensuing from their specific structure, physiology and ecology. They occur in all water environments or those whose habitats are constantly humid. Diatoms are primary organic matter producers in waters, hence they constitute a basis of the food chain in seas, oceans and inland waters. Due to their high lipid and protein contents they are highly energetic food of invertebrate animals. They are sensitive to physical and chemical changes of the environment, consequently, they are perfect biological indicators of changes occurring in water bodies, including those connected with acidity, eutrophication (trophic state), pollution (saprobity) and climate. After their death, permanent, siliceous frustules of diatoms fall onto the bottom, where they form diatom sediments called diatomite, whose thickness may reach 100 meters. Diatomite is an exceptionally valuable raw material used in food, chemistry and building construction industries. The age of diatoms is estimated at about 400 million years.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
52
Issue
2-3
Pages
307-314
Physical description
Dates
published
2003
Contributors
  • Katedra Algologii i Mikologii, Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Łódź, Polska
References
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  • CANTER-LUND H., LUND J. W. G., 1995. Freshwater Algae their microscopic world explored. Biopress Limited, Bristol.
  • ESSER K., 2000. Kryptogamen 1. Cyanobacterien, Algen, Pilze, Flechten. Prakticum und Lehrbuch. Wyd. 3. Springer, Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Barcelona, Hongkong, London, Mailand, Paris, Singapur, Tokyo.
  • KOTLARCZYK J., 1981. Diatomity karpackie w ogólnym bilansie diatomitów na świecie. Konferencja Naukowo- Techniczna. Nowe kierunki zastosowań diatomitów polskich w gospodarce narodowej. Przemyśl 23-24 maja 1980. Wydawnictwa geologiczne. Warszawa.
  • KRAMMER, K., LANGE-BERTALOT, H. 1986. Bacillariophyceae. Naviculaceae. [W:] Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. ETTL H., GERLOFF J., HEYNING H., MOLLENHAUER D. (red.). 2/1. G. Fischer Verlag. Jena.
  • KWIECIŃSKA B., SIEMIŃSKA J., 1999. The Przeworno marble diatoms. A short Symposium Workshop on The Origin and Early Evolution of the Diatoms Fossil, Molecular and Biogeographical Approaches. Abstracts.
  • LIGOWSKI R., 1998. Okrzemki w morskim ekosystemie Antarktydy. Kosmos 47, 471-498.
  • PODBIELKOWSKI Z., REJMENT-GROCHOWSKA I., SKIRGIEŁŁO A., 1979. Rośliny zarodnikowe. PWN. Warszawa. RAKOWSKA B., 2001. Studium różnorodności okrzemek ekosystemów wodnych Polski niżowej. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego. Łódź.
  • REIMER C. W., 1965. Diatoms and their physico-chemical environment. Biological problems in water pollution. Dep. Health Educ. and Welfare., Publ. Health Serv., Div. Water Suppl. Pollut. Control., Cincinnati, Ohio, 1-27.
  • ROUND F. E., CRAWFORD R. M.,MANN D. G., 1990. The diatoms. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, New York, Port Chester, Melbourne, Sydney.
  • SCHMEIL O., 1906. Lehrbuch der Botanik. Erwin Nägele, Verlagsbuchhandlung, Leipzig.
  • SIEMIŃSKA J., 1964. Chrysophyta. Bacillariophyceae. Okrzemki. Flora słodkowodna Polski 6. PWN, Warszawa.
  • SIEMIŃSKA J., 1999. The discoveries of diatoms older than the Cretaceous. A short Symposium Workshop on The Origin and Early Evolution of the Diatoms Fossil, Molecular and Biogeographical Approches. Abstracts.
  • STOERMER E. F., 1984. Some perspectives on diatom ecology. Eighth Symposium on Living and Fossil Diatoms. Paris. Abstracts.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv52p307kz
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