Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2002 | 51 | 1 | 99-104
Article title

Odmiany roślin transgenicznych Bt a pestycydy - aspekty środowiskowe i zdrowotne

Title variants
Transgenic Bt crops and pesticides - the impact on enviroment and health
Languages of publication
Summary Insect pests are a major cause of damage of the world's commercially important agricultural crops. Current strategies aimed at reducing crop losses rely primarily on pesticides. One of the commonly used organic zoocides is rotenone. It is used in gardens for both insect control and fish eradication as part of water management. Chronic exposure to rotenone can be toxic to animals and people. It has been shown that rotenone can induce the major symptoms resembling the Parkinson's disease. The scale of both the economic and environmental costs of insect control in agriculture is high. On the other hand, transgenic crops with intrinsic pest resistance offer a promising alternative. The first generation of insect-resistant transgenic plants was based on insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis. Bt toxins are part of a large and still growing family of proteins showing insecticidal properties. More than ten cry genes have been transformed into different crops. Plants expressing Bt toxins were among the first biotechnology products to be approved for commercial use. However, the picture is not altogether positive - there is ecological concern of releasing transgenic Bt plants. Are there any unforeseen effects of the toxin on organisms that are not pests of the crop itself ? The issue is discussed in the article.
Physical description
  • Zakład Cytogenetyki i Biologii Molekularnej Roślin Uniwersytet Łódzki, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 ŁódŹ, Polska
  • AUGUSTIN-BECKERS P. W. N., HORNBY A. G., WAUCHOPE R. D., 1994. Pesticide properties database for environmental decisionmaking II. Additional compounds. Rev. Env. Cont. Tox. 2, 137-181.
  • BETARBET R., SHERER T. B., MACKENZIE G., GARCIA-OSUNA M., PANOV A. V., GREENAMYRE T. J, 2000. Chronic systemic pesticide exposure reproduces features of Parkinson's disease. Nat. Neurosci. 12, 1301-1306.
  • BOUCHIE A. J., 2000. Bt corn kills monarch? Nature Biotechnol. 18, 1025. CHENG X., SARDANA R., KAPLAN H., ALTOSAAR I., 1998. Agrobacterium transformed rice plants expressing synthetic cryIA(b) and cryIA(c) genes are highly toxic to striped stem borer and yellow stem borer. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 17, 2767-2772.
  • CRICKMORE N., ZEIGLER D. R., FEITELSON J., SCHNEPF E., LERECLUS D., BAUM J., DEAN D. H., 1998. Revision of the nomenclature for the Bacillus thuringiensis pesticidal crystal proteins. Microb. Mol. Biol. Rev. 62, 807-813.
  • DAVIS M. J., 2001. No threat to the Monarchy.Trends Biotechnol. 18, 41. GILES K. L., HELLMICH R. L., IVERSON C. T., LEWIS L. C., 2000. Effects of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis maize grain on B. thuringiensis susceptible Plodia interpunctela (Lepidoptera : Pyralidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 93, 1011-1016.
  • GOULD F., 2000. Testing Bt refuge strategies in the field. Nature Biotechnol. 18, 266-342.
  • GRIMSLEY N., HOHN T., DAVIES J. W., HOHN B., 1987. Agrobacterium-mediated delivery of infectious maize strea virus into maize plants. Nature 325, 177-179.
  • HAILS R. S.., 2000. Genetically modified plants-the debate continues. Trends Plant Sci. 15, 14-18.
  • LAWS E. R., HAYES W. I., 1991. Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology. Academic Press, NY. LOSEY J. E., RAYOR L. S. CARTER M. E., 1999. Transgenic pollen harms monarch larvae. Nature 399, 214. NAYAK P., BASU D., DAS S., BASU A., GHOSH D., RAMAKRISHNAN N. A., GHOSH M., SEN S. K., 1997. Transgenic elite indica rice plants expressing Cry1Ac delta-endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis are resistant against yellow stem borer (Scirpophaga incertulas). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 11-16.
  • RUUD A. DE MAAGD, BOSCH D., STIEKEMA., 1999. Bacillus thuringiensis toxin-mediated insect resistance in plants. Trends in Plant Sci. 4, 9-13.
  • SAXENA D., FLOREST S., STOTZKY G., 1999. Insecticidal toxin in root exudates from Bt corn. Nature 402, 480.
  • SCHULER T. H., POPPY G. M., KERRY B. R., DENHOLM I., 1998. Insect-resistance transgenic plants. TIBTECH 16, 168-175.
  • SEARS M. K., HELLMICH R. L., STANLEY-HORN D. E., OBERHAUSER K. S., PLEASANT J. M., MATTILA H. R., SIEGFRIED B. D., DIVELY G. P., 2001. Impact of Bt corn pollen on monarch butterfly populations: A risk assessment. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 11937-11942.
  • SINGSIT C., ADANG M. J., LYNCH R. E., ANDERSON W. F. WANG A., CARDINEAU G., OZIAS-AKINS P., 1997. Expression of Bacillus thuringiensis cry1A(c) gene in transgenic peanut plants and its efficacy against lesser cornstalk borer. Transgenic Res. 6, 169-176.
  • WĘGLEŃSKI P., 1995. Genetyka Molekularna. PWN, Warszawa.
  • WRAIGHT C. L., ZANGERI A. R., CARROLL, M. J., BERENBAUM M. R., 2000. Absence of toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis pollen to black swallowtails under field conditions. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 7700-7701.
  • XIANG Y., WONG W. K. R., MA M. C., WONG R. S.C., 2000. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Brassica campestris ssp.Parachinensis with synthetic Bacillus thuringiensis cry1Ab and cry1Ac genes. Plant Cell Rep. 19, 251-256.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.