PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
Journal
2002 | 51 | 1 | 115-120
Article title

Paradoksy w hydrobiologii

Content
Title variants
EN
A few remarks about paradoxes in hydrobiology
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
Summary The hydrobiological literature abounds in phenomena that are difficult to explain at the present state of knowledge. They have been named paradoxes; among them the most frequently discussed of which are the drift, plankton and Allen paradoxes. The first concerns the lack of noticeable losses in benthos density in upper stream sections despite continuous movement of invertebrates downstream with river current. These migrations are caused by both active swimming of animals towards the current, for example while escaping before predators, and passive floating downstream with water current. The second paradox concerns plankton, i.e. the occurrence of a very high number of alga species, even in a small drop of water, which contradicts the competitive exclusion principle, that of one species in one niche. Finally, the Allen paradox: the term describes consumption that many times exceeds the production of food resources, which was recorded in attempts to estimate fish consumption and food production, mainly of invertebrates, in a stream in New Zealand. This paradox testifies to imprecision of estimates of consumption or production of food resources, or both these parameters simultaneously. The author points out the main problems related with each of these paradoxes.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
51
Issue
1
Pages
115-120
Physical description
Dates
published
2002
Contributors
  • Katedra Ekologii i Zoologii Kręgowców Uniwersytet Łódzki, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 ŁódŽ, Polska
References
  • ALLAN J. D., 1998. Ekologia Wód Płynących. PWN, Warszawa.
  • ALLEN K. R., 1951. The Horokiwi Stream: a study of trout population. N.Z. Marine Dept. Fish. Bull., 10, 1-238.
  • ANHOLT B. R., 1995. Density dependence resolves the stream drift paradox. Ecology 76, 2235-2239.
  • BENKE A. C., 1979. A modification of the Hynes method for estimating secondary production with particular significance for multivoltine populations. Limnol. Oceanogr. 24, 168-171.
  • BENKE A. C., 1998. Production dynamics of riverine chironomids: extremely high biomass turnover rates of primary consumers. Ecology 79, 899-910.
  • BENKE A. C., VAN ARSDALL T. C., GILLESPIE D. M., PARRISH F. K., 1984. Invertebrate productivity in a subtropical blackwater river: the importance of habitat and life history. Ecol. Monogr., 54 25-63.
  • BENKE A. C., HALL C. A. S., HAWKINS C. P., LOVE-MCCONNELL R. H., STANFORD J. A., SUBERKROPP K., WARD J. V., 1988. Bioenergetic considerations in the analysis of stream ecosystems. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 7, 480-502.
  • BERG M. B., HELLLENTAL R. A., 1991. Secondary production of Chironomidae (Diptera) in a north temperate stream. Freshwat. Biol. 25, 497-505.
  • BRITTAIN J. E., EIKELAND T. J., 1988. Invertebrate drift - review. Hydrobiologia 166, 77-93.
  • CONNELL J. H., 1978. Diversity in tropical rain-forest and coral reefs. Science 199, 1302-1310.
  • ELLIOTT J. M., 1967. Invertebrate drift in a Dartmoor stream. Arch. Hydrobiol. 63, 202-237.
  • ELLIOTT J. M., 1970. Diel changes in an invertebrate drift and the food of trout Salmo trutta L. J. Fish. Biol. 2, 161-165.
  • GRAY L. J., 1981. Species composition and life histories of aquatic insects in lowland Sonoran desert stream. Am. Midl. Nat. 106, 229-242.
  • HAMILTON A. L., 1969. On estimating annual production. Limnol. Oceanogr. 14, 771-782.
  • HARDIN G., 1960. The competitive exclusion principle. Science 131, 1292-1297.
  • HAUER F. R., BENKE A. C., 1991. Rapid growth of snagdwelling chironomids in a blackwater river: the influence of temperature and discharge. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 10, 154-164.
  • HERSHEY A. E., PASTOR J., PETERSON J., KLING W. G., 1993. Stable isotopes resolve the drift paradox for Baetis mayflies in an arctic river. Ecology 74, 2315-2325.
  • HURYN A. D., WALLACE J. B., 2000. Life history and production of stream insects. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 45, 83-110. HUTCHINSON G. E., 1961. The paradox of the plankton. Am. Nat. 95, 137-146.
  • HYNES H. B. N., COLEMAN M. J., 1968. A simple method of assessing the annual production of stream benthos. Limnol. Oceanogr. 13, 569-573.
  • KONSTANTINOV A. S., 1958a. Biologija chironomid i ich razwedene. Trudy Saratov. Otd. Kasp. Fil. 5, 1-363.
  • KONSTANTINOV A. S., 1958b. Wlijanie temperatury na skorost' rosta irazwitija licinok chironomid. Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 120, 1362-1365.
  • KREBS C. J., 1996. Ekologia. Eksperymentalna Analiza Rozmieszczenia i Liczebnooeci. PWN, Warszawa.
  • LAMPERT W., SOMMER U., 1996. Ekologia Wód Płynących. PWN, Warszawa, 390.
  • MACKEY A. P., 1977. Growth and development of larval Chironomidae. Oikos 28, 270-275.
  • MANN R. H. K., PENCZAK T., 1986. Fish production in rivers: a review. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 33, 233-247.
  • MORGAN N.C., BACKILE T., BRETSCHKO G., DUNCAN A., HILLBRICHT-ILKOWSKA A., KAJAK Z., KITCHELL J., LARSON P., LEVEQUE C., NAUVERCK A., SCHIEMER F., THORPE J., 1980. Secondary production. [W:] The functioning of freshwater ecosystems. LE CREN E. D., LOWE-MCCONNELL R. H. (red). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, 247-307.
  • MÜLLER K., 1954. Investigations on the organic drift in north Swedish streams. Rep. Inst. Freshwat. Res. Drottningholm, 35, 133-148.
  • MÜLLER K., 1973. Life cycles of stream insects. Aquilo, Ser. Zool. 14, 105-112.
  • PENCZAK T., GRZYBKOWSKA M., GALICKA W., 1996. Fish-benthos production relationships in large alluvial rivers: Allen paradox. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 43, 257-272.
  • PINDER L C. V., CLARE P. C., 1978. The life history and production of Rheotanytarsus curtistylus on a small stream in Southern England. Acta Univ. Carolinae - Biol. 163-170.
  • SÖDERSTRÖM O., 1987. Upstream movements of invertebrates in running waters - a review. Arch. Hydrobiol. 111, 197-208.
  • WATERS T. F., 1965. Interpretation of invertebrate drift in streams. Ecology 46, 327-334.
  • WATERS T. F., 1972. The drift of stream insects. Ann. Rev. Ent., 17, 253-272.
  • WATERS T. F., 1977. Secondary production in inland waters. Advan. Ecol. Res. 10, 91-164.
  • WATERS T. F., 1979. Influence of benthos life history upon the estimation of secondary production. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 36, 1425-1430.
  • WATERS T. F., 1981. Seasonal patterns in production and drift of Gammarus pseudolimnaeus in Valley Creek, Minnesota. Ecology 62, 1458-1466
  • WATERS T. F., 1988. Fish production - benthos production relationships in trout streams. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 35, 545-561.
  • WEINER J., 1999. Życie i Ewolucja Biosfery. Podręcznik Ekologii Ogólnej. PWN, Warszawa.
  • WEINER J., 2000. Dziesięś hipotez na temat stanu i kierunków rozwoju ekologii w Polsce. Kosmos 49, 211-227.
  • WHITTAKER R.H., LEVIN S.A., ROOT R.B., 1973. Niche, habitat and ecotope. Am. Nat. 107, 321-338.
  • ZALEWSKI M., 2000. Startegia wyprzedzania jako maksymalizacja szans rozwoju nauk ekologicznych w Polsce w warunkach postępującej globalizacji. Kosmos 49, 263-274.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv51p115kz
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.