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2000 | 97 | 1 | 91-100
Article title

Magnon and Soliton Excitations in the Carrier-Poor, One-Dimensional S=1/2 Antiferromagnet Yb_{4}As_{3}

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EN
Abstracts
EN
The semimetallic quasi-one-dimensional S=1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet Yb_{4}As_{3} was studied by low-temperature measurements of the specific heat C(T,B), thermal expansion α(T,B), and thermal conductivity ĸ(T,B). At finite magnetic fields (B≤12 T) we observed the following distinct anomalies: (1) the magnon contribution to C(T,0), γ T, with large coefficient γ ≈ 200 mJ/(K^{2}mol), becomes strongly reduced with field, and (2) a broad hump in C(T,B=const) is induced at slightly higher temperatures. (3) The latter corresponds to a pronounced peak in α(T,B=const) as well as (4) to a broad minimum in ĸ(T,B= const)/ĸ(T,0). These anomalies are well described by the classical sine-Gordon solution of a one-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet with a weak easy-plane anisotropy. However, the soliton-rest energy deduced from the experimental results depends on the magnetic field like E_{S} ~ B^{ν}, with an exponent ν ≈ 0.66, while the classical sine-Gordon model requires ν=1. Thus, our results suggest an alternative description of soliton excitations in an antiferromagnetic S=1/2 Heisenberg chain in terms of the quantum sine-Gordon model, for which an exponent ν=2/3 is appropriate.
Keywords
EN
Year
Volume
97
Issue
1
Pages
91-100
Physical description
Dates
published
2000-01
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-appv97z109kz
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