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1999 | 95 | 6 | 1005-1012
Article title

Fraction of Positronium Formation at Semiconductor Surface

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EN
Abstracts
EN
The fraction of positronium formation (f_{ps}) has been calculated in Ge(110), Ge(111), Si(110) and Si(111) surfaces by solving the diffusion equation for positrons in semiconductors and by setting up the rate equation to describe the processes that are supposed to occur when a thermalised positron encounters the surface including the trapping of positrons in neutral and negative vacancies. Certain parameters used in the evaluation of f_{ps}, e.g., the bulk annihilation rate (λ_{s}), the positron diffusion length (L_{+}), the diffusion coefficient (D_{+}) and the implantation profile parameter (A), have been taken from the experiments. The calculated values of f_{ps} as a function of incident positron energy and temperature in Ge(110) and Si(111) have been compared with the experimental results. It has been found that in general the calculated results are in good agreement with the experimental ones. The calculation also confirms that the trapping rate of positrons into negative vacancy has a T^{-1/2} dependence with respect to the temperature.
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EN
Contributors
  • School of Studies in Physics, Vikram University, Ujjain (M.P.), 456010 India
author
  • School of Studies in Physics, Vikram University, Ujjain (M.P.), 456010 India
References
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bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-appv95z615kz
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