Superconductivity, Charge Orderings and Phase Separations in Systems with Local Electron Pairing
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We study two effective models developed for description of superconductors with short-coherence length: (i) the extended Hubbard model with on-site attraction and intersite repulsion, (ii) the model of hard-core charged bosons on a lattice. The analysis is concentrated on the problem of phase separations and competition between superconductivity (SS) and charge-density-wave (CDW) orderings. The phase diagrams of the systems are shown to consist of at least seven different states, including 3 types of phase separated (PS) states: CDW-SS (PS1), CDW-normal (PS2) and the state of electron droplets (PS3). By taking into account the PS states and the effects of longer-range density-density interactions (beyond nearest neighbors) our paper substantially generalizes and modifies the conclusions of previous papers concerning the models considered.
- 74.20.-z: Theories and models of superconducting state
- 05.30.Jp: Boson systems(for static and dynamic properties of Bose-Einstein condensates, see 03.75.Hh and 03.75.Kk; see also 67.10.Ba Boson degeneracy in quantum fluids)
- 71.28.+d: Narrow-band systems; intermediate-valence solids(for magnetic aspects, see 75.20.Hr and 75.30.Mb in magnetic properties and materials)
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