Review of Surface Relaxation and Reconstruction Phenomena
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The basic definitions concerning structure of surface are given. The principal experimental methods of the observation of surfaces are reviewed. A possibly heuristic explanation is given of principal theoretical concepts underlying the present understanding of the surface phenomena. The best known and/or understood examples of the surface relaxation, surface reconstruction and roughening are reviewed.
- 68.35.Md: Surface thermodynamics, surface energies(see also 05.70.Np Interface and surface thermodynamics in statistical physics, thermodynamics and nonlinear dynamical systems; 65.40.gp Surface energy in thermal properties of condensed matter)
- 68.35.Rh: Phase transitions and critical phenomena
- 68.35.-p: Solid surfaces and solid-solid interfaces: structure and energetics
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