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2017 | 132 | 4 | 1277-1283
Article title

Thermal Effect of Er³⁺ Ions Embedded in Smart Nano-Composite Oxide Material Prepared by Sol-Gel Technique

Content
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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The phosphosilicate for planar waveguides fabrication by using sol-gel, and particularly erbium-doped waveguide amplifiers, is reviewed. In particular, efforts to use sol-gel to improve molecular homogeneity in Er-doped phosphosilicate-based monolith and thin films will be discussed. A variety of material studies was carried out to investigate and optimize the sample preparation condition for such application. These include X-ray diffraction, the Fourier transform infrared and optical transmittance, absorption and refractive index calculation. The erbium nitrate precursors use is shown to alter the Er³⁺ ions doping in the prepared samples thermally treated in the final monolith glass form, in comparison to the use of thin film phosphosilicate sol-gel sample. Excess heat treatment is used to force prepared samples crystallization, moreover resulting photoluminescence analysis is used to detect the co-operative-up-conversion sample properties before and after heating.
Publisher

Year
Volume
132
Issue
4
Pages
1277-1283
Physical description
Dates
published
2017-10
received
2016-09-23
(unknown)
2017-04-03
(unknown)
2017-04-25
Contributors
author
  • Solid State Physics Department, National Research Center (NRC), Giza, Egypt
author
  • Polymers and Pigments Department, National Research Center (NRC), Giza, Egypt
author
  • Chemistry Department, Ain Shams University, Egypt
author
  • Polymers and Pigments Department, National Research Center (NRC), Giza, Egypt
author
  • Polymers and Pigments Department, National Research Center (NRC), Giza, Egypt
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-appv132n4p12kz
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