Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2017 | 131 | 3 | 495-499
Article title

Fume Formation Rate Analysis of Shipbuilding Steel with SMAW Using Taguchi Design and ANOVA

Title variants
Languages of publication
Shipbuilding industry grows rapidly due to the increasing growth of economies and thus, the need for new and bigger ships emerge. Manufacturing of ships in shipyards includes harmful processes, such as welding, which impact the workers and the environment. As a consequence of increase in demand for new ships, deleterious welding fume and emissions all over the world increase year by year. Welding fume includes hazardous micro and sub-micro sized metal particulates and in addition to welding fume, welding emissions consist of detrimental gaseous wastes as well. In this study, a set of experiments was designed by Taguchi method. These experiments were realized by two welders using two different types of covered electrodes (rutile and cellulosic), welding speeds and currents on Grade A shipbuilding steel, which is one of the most common steels in shipbuilding. After the experiments, fume formation rate was measured and it was observed that the contributions of the factors are 92.47%, 5.42% and 1.66% for electrode type, current and welder, respectively. The results were assessed using Taguchi and ANOVA and evaluated in terms of environment and occupational health and safety.
Physical description
  • [1] L. Bilgili, U.B. Celebi, Fresen. Environ. Bull. 24, 1054 (2015)
  • [2] United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Review of Maritime Transport, United Nations Publication, Geneva 2015
  • [3] K.M. Senoz, L. Bilgili, T. Mert, U.B. Celebi, S. Ekinci, in: 8th Int. Scientific Conference on Naval, Mechanical and Industrial Engineering (TEHNONAV), Constanta, Romania 2015, p. 22
  • [4] U.B. Celebi, Fresen. Environ. Bull. 23, 1904 (2014)
  • [5] A.A. Ennan, S.A. Kiro, M.V. Opyra, V.I. Vishnyakov, J. Aerosol Sci. 64, 103 (2013), doi: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2013.06.006
  • [6] O. Popović, R. Prokić-Cvetković, M. Burzić, U. Lukić, B. Beljić, Renew. Sustain. Enr. Rev. 37, 509 (2014)
  • [7] B. Kura, S.A. Wisbith, R. Stone, T. Judy, Metal cutting operations: Emission factors for particulates, metals, and metal ions, the emission inventory, Regional strategies for the future proceedings, Raleigh, North Carolina 1999
  • [8] R. Mirzaee, A. Allameh, S.B. Mortazavi, A. Khavanin, A. Kazemnejad, M. Akbary, Aur. Nas. Lar. 34, 147 (2007), doi: 10.1016/j.anl.2006.07.003
  • [9] W.C. Mener, P.L. Rosen, D.M. Austin, W.S. Holt, in: 10th Int. Emission Inventory Conference-One Atmosphere, One Inventory, Many Challenges, Denver, Colorado 2001
  • [10] I. Pires, L. Quintino, R.M. Miranda, Mater. Design. 28, 1623 (2007), doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2006.02.012
  • [11] R.T. Deam, S.W. Simpson, J. Haidar, J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 33, 1393 (2000)
  • [12] M. Serageldin, D.W. Reeves, J. Air. Waste. Manag. 59, 619 (2009), doi: 10.3155/1047-3289.59.5.619
  • [13] P. Konarski, I. Iwanejko, M. Ćwil, Vacuum 70, 385 (2003), doi: 10.1016/S0042-207X(02)00674-7
  • [14] U.B. Celebi, F.T. Akanlar, N. Vardar, Fresen. Environ. Bull. 18, 1901 (2009)
  • [15] J.M. Antonini, S. Stone, J.R. Roberts, B. Chen, D. Schwegler-Berry, A.A. Afshari, D.G. Frazer, Toxicol. Appl. Pharm. 223, 234 (2007), doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2007.06.020
  • [16] National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Nomination of Welding Fumes for Toxicity Studies, 20 February 2002
  • [17] A.B. Santamaria, C.A. Cushing, J.M. Antonini, B.L. Finley, F.S. Mowat, J. Tox. Env. Health. 10, 417 (2007), doi: 10.1080/15287390600975004
  • [18] J.M. Antonini, J.R. Roberts, D. Schwegler-Berry, R.R. Mercer, Ann. Occup. Hyg. 57, 1167 (2013), doi: 10.1093/annhyg/met032
  • [19] B. Kura, P. Mookoni, J. Ship. Prod. 14, 246 (1998)
  • [20] M. Huvinen, A. Makitie, H. Jarventaus, H. Wolff, T. Stjernvall, A. Hovi, A. Hirvonen, R. Ranta, M. Nurminen, H. Norppa, Mutagenesis 17, 425 (2002)
  • [21] W. Matczak, J. Chmielnicka, Pol. J. Occup. Med. Environ. Health. 2, 376 (1989)
  • [22] R.B. Park, M.B. Rosemarie, D.E. Eggerth, E. Diamond, K.J. Spencer, R. Gwiazda, NeuroToxicology 27, 373 (2006), doi: 10.1016/j.neuro.2005.10.010
  • [23] U.B. Celebi, L. Bilgili, T. Mert, K.M. Senoz, S. Ekinci in: 18th Int. Symp. Environmental Pollution and its Impact on Life in the Mediterranean Region (MESAEP), Crete, Greece 2015, p. 60
  • [24] G. Taguchi, E.A. Elsayed, T.C. Hsiang, Quality Engineering in Production Systems, McGraw-Hill, New York 1989
  • [25] T. Mert, L. Bilgili, K.M. Senoz, U.B. Celebi, S. Ekinci, in: Energy, Transportation and Global Warming, Ed. P. Grammelis, Springer, Switzerland 2016, p. 795, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-30127-3
  • [26] International Organization for Standardization, EN ISO 15011-1:2009 - Health and safety in welding and allied processes - Laboratory method for sampling fume and gases Part 1: Determination of fume emission rate during arc welding and collection of fume for analysis, (2009)
  • [27] O. Savas, Steel Comp. Struct. 18, 345 (2015), doi: 10.12989/scs.2015.18.2.345
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.