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2017 | 131 | 1 | 78-81
Article title

Characterization of Nd and Sm Co-Doped CeO₂-Based Systems

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Nd_{0.20}Sm_{x}Ce_{0.8-x}O_{1.9-x/2} (x=0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20) rare-earth-co-doped ceria electrolytes were synthesized by polyol process. Acetate compounds of cerium and dopants (Nd, Sm) were used as starting materials and triethylene glycol was used as a solvent. Structural and ionic conductivity properties of the electrolyte systems were determined by applying characterization techniques such as X-ray diffraction, the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results of X-ray diffraction indicated that a single-phase fluorite structure formed at the relatively low calcination temperature of 600°C. So, the samples were calcined at 600°C for 4 h and then sintered at 1400°C for 6 h to obtain dense ceramics (between 85 and 90%). The two-probe ac impedance spectroscopy was used to study the total ionic conductivity of doped and co-doped ceria samples. The results of the impedance spectroscopy indicate that the Nd_{0.20}Sm_{0.05}Ce_{0.75}O_{1.875} composition exhibited highest ionic conductivity value, 3.60×10¯² S cm¯¹ at 800°C.
Physical description
  • Istanbul University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, 34320 Istanbul, Turkey
  • Istanbul University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, 34320 Istanbul, Turkey
  • Istanbul University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, 34320 Istanbul, Turkey
  • Istanbul University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, 34320 Istanbul, Turkey
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