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2015 | 128 | 5 | 815-817
Article title

Materials Research on Archaeological Objects Using PIXE and Other Non-Invasive Techniques

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EN
Abstracts
EN
An interdisciplinary study of metallic objects from selected archaeological sites in Poland was performed. The aim of the project was to obtain information about the chemical composition and structural changes of the objects. Furthermore, the research results provided information about the technological process which was used to manufacture the artifacts. The materials research had a non- and micro-invasive character which is very important in this type of investigation. The main experimental tools were particle-induced X-ray emission supplemented with nuclear reaction thermal neutron (white beam) radiography, scanning electron microscopy with X-ray energy dispersive analysis, and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry techniques. The results show that the artifacts were made by a secondary smelting process used in local metallurgy manufactures.
Keywords
Contributors
author
  • National Centre for Nuclear Research, A. Sołtana 7, 05-400 Otwock-Świerk, Poland
author
  • National Centre for Nuclear Research, A. Sołtana 7, 05-400 Otwock-Świerk, Poland
author
  • National Centre for Nuclear Research, A. Sołtana 7, 05-400 Otwock-Świerk, Poland
author
  • National Centre for Nuclear Research, A. Sołtana 7, 05-400 Otwock-Świerk, Poland
  • National Centre for Nuclear Research, A. Sołtana 7, 05-400 Otwock-Świerk, Poland
author
  • Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology, Warsaw, Poland
  • Antiquity of Southeastern Europe Research Centre, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
References
  • [1] E.A. Miśta, P. Kalbarczyk, in: Łężany - the Cemetery of the Roman Period and the Migration Period in the Mrągowo Lake District, Research in the Season 2013, Ed. A. Wiśniewska, Dajna Foundation, Warsaw 2014, p. 131
  • [2] A. Wiśniewska, Cicada brooches from Łężany. New evidence links the Balt milieu with the south in the Migration Period, in: Neue Studien zur Sachsenforschung, Germany (in press)
  • [3] M. Mączyńska, in: Balts and Their Neighbours, Eds.: A. Bitner-Wróblewska, G. Iwanowska, Warszawa 2009, p. 397 (in Polish)
  • [4] Łężany - the Cemetery of the Roman Period and the Migration Period in the Mrągowo Lake District, Research in the Season 2013, Ed. A. Wiśniewska, Dajna Foundation, Warsaw 2014
  • [5] R.J. Forbres, Studies in Ancient Technology, Vol. VII, VIII, IX, E.J. Brill, Leiden 1963
  • [6] R.F. Tylecote, A History of Metallurgy, 2nd ed., The Institute of Materials, MANEY 1992
  • [7] D. Walaszek, Ph.D. Thesis, Warsaw/Dubendorf, 2012
  • [8] E. Deschler-Erb, E.H. Lehmann, L. Pernet, P. Vontobel, S. Hartmann, Archaeometry 46, 647 (2004), doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2004.00180.x
  • [9] A. Czachor, Abd El-Ghany El Abd, J.J. Milczarek, Acta Phys. Pol. A 102, 245 (2002) http://przyrbwn.icm.edu.pl/APP/PDF/102/A102Z221.pdf
  • [10] Z. Smit, J. Istenuc, T. Knific, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 226, 2329 (2008), doi: 10.1016/j.nimb.2008.03.057
  • [11] M. Uda, G. Demortier, I. Nakai, X-ray for Archaeology, Springer, Netherlands 2005
  • [12] D.A. Scott, Metallography and Microstructure of Ancient and Historic Metals, The Getty Conservation Institute, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Singapore 1991
  • [13] British Geological Survey, Zinc ore and mines (05.09.2014) http://bgs.ac.uk/mendips/minerals/Mins_Mines_5.htm
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-appv128n501kz
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