Entropy Change Calculations for Pure Gd and a Ni-Mn-Cu-Ga Heusler Alloy: Constant Field vs. Constant Temperature Experiment
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The magnetocaloric effect may be assessed indirectly by expressing it as the change in magnetic entropy in varying magnetic field, H, as the function of temperature, T. Magnetization, M=f(T,H), may be experimentally acquired from a series of isothermal measurements with variable field, or from a series of constant field measurements with variable temperature. The accuracy of magnetic entropy calculation depends on the number of series in these experiments. The aim of this work is to determine how little data is sufficient to obtain accurate results of magnetic entropy change calculations, on the basis of real, magnetocaloric materials. Pure gadolinium and a Ni-Mn-Cu-Ga Heusler alloy were studied. For both materials, the magnetic entropy change and relative cooling power were calculated from both experiments, with the decreasing number of experimental data. For both materials, the constant field experiment with only 6 field values provided only a 5% error of calculations, as compared to the experiment with 100 field values. The Arrott plots were also drawn for constant field mode with 6 field values, easily indicating the order of transition. Comparison of the calculation results suggests that the constant field mode magnetization measurement may be more accurate and faster than isothermal mode.
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