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Acta Physica Polonica A

2014 | 125 | 4A | A-38-A-44
Article title

On Certain Problems Concerning Environmental Impact Assessment of Wind Turbines in Scope of Acoustic Effects

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Abstracts
EN
The paper deals with difficulties that are encountered by investors and decision-making authorities in the course of investment processes involving construction of wind power plants. Moreover, attention is focused on absence of standardized procedures that could be used to determine environmental impact of wind turbines, mainly in the scope of acoustic effects appearing in conditions typical for operation of such devices (strong wind), high elevation of related noise sources, and the nature of the sound emission (tonality and amplitude modulation). Lack of such procedures is a source of serious ambiguities developing in assessment of all investment stages - planning and forecasting, construction, and operation. An additional problem arises in the case of power plants located in the vicinity of Natura 2000 area, where construction projects are often obstructed on the grounds of unclear criteria concerning, among other things, the effect of acoustic phenomena on birds, bats, and other animals. It follows from the research presented in this paper that the consistent system of procedures and criteria should be worked out on the grounds of long-term monitoring studies.
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A-38-A-44
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Dates
published
2014-04
Contributors
author
• AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics, Department of Mechanics and Vibroacoustics, Al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
author
• AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics, Department of Mechanics and Vibroacoustics, Al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
author
• AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics, Department of Mechanics and Vibroacoustics, Al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
author
• AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics, Department of Mechanics and Vibroacoustics, Al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
References
• [1] M. Stryjecki, K. Mielniczuk, Wytyczne w zakresie prognozowania oddziaływań na środowisko farm wiatrowych [Guidelines in scope of forecasting environmental impact of wind farms], Generalna Dyrekcja Ochrony Środowiska, Warszawa 2011
• [2] Council Directive 79/409/EEC of 2 April 1979 on the conservation of wild birds, (The Birds Directive'), OJ L 103 25.04.1979
• [3] A. Kepel, M. Ciechanowski, R. Jaros, Wytyczne dotyczqce oceny oddziaływania elektrowni wiatrowych na nietoperze [Guidelines concerning the impact of wind power plants on bats], Generalna Dyrekcja Ochrony Środowiska, Warszawa 2011, (draft)
• [4] A. Wuczyński, Notatki Ornitologiczne 50, 206 (2012)
• [5] P. Chylarecki, K. Kajzer, M. Polakowski, D. Wysocki, P. Tryjanowski, A. Wuczyński, Wytyczne dotyczące oceny oddziaływania elektrowni wiatrowych na ptaki [Guidelines concerning the impact of wind power plants on birds], Generalna Dyrekcja Ochrony Środowiska, Warszawa 2011, (draft)
• [6] Act of 27 April 2007 Environment Protection Law' (J. Laws 2001, No. 62, Item 627, as amended)
• [7] Regulation of the Minister of Environment of 4 November 2008 on requirements in scope of carrying out measurements of emissions and measurements of water intake (J. Laws 2008.206.1291)
• [8] Regulation of the Minister of Environment of 14 June 2007 on noise levels admissible in the environment (J. Laws 2007, No. 120, Item 826, as amended)
• [9] Act of 3 October 2008 on providing information on the environment and environmental protection, public participation in environmental protection and on environmental impact assessment (Journal of Laws 2008.199.1227)
• [10] Directive 2002/49/WE of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 June 2002 relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise (OJ L 189/12, 18.7.2002)
• [11] PN-EN ISO 3744:2011E Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure - Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane
• [12] PN-EN ISO 3746:2011E Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure - Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting plane
• [13] PN-ISO 8297:2003P Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels of multisource industrial plants for evaluation of sound pressure levels in the environment - Engineering method
• [14] PN-EN 61400-11, Wind turbines - Part 11: Acoustic noise measurement techniques
• [15] PN-ISO 9613-2:2002, Acoustics - Attenuation of sound during propagation outdoors - Part 2: General method of calculation
• [16] PN-ISO 9613-1:2000, Acoustics - Attenuation of sound during propagation outdoors - Part 1: Calculation of the absorption of sound by the atmosphere
• [17] PN-ISO 1996-2:1999. Acoustic - Description and measurement of environmental noise - Part 2: Acquisition of data pertinent to land use
• [18] Data acquired in the framework of Project PL0108 Optimization of the use of the resources of the Natura 2000 network for sustainable development in the Carpathians, implemented in the years 2007-2011 by the Institute of Nature Conservation of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Kraków
• [19] Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (`The Habitats Directive', OJ L 206, 22.7.1992)
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