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2014 | 125 | 2 | 345-347
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The Effect of Temperature on Grain Size of SnO_2 Nanoparticles Synthesized by Sol-Gel Method

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Tin dioxide nanoparticles were synthesized by sol-gel method and calcined at different temperatures in the range 350-750°C. The SnO_2 precursor solution was prepared from SnCl_2 ·2H_2O (tin (II) chloride dihydrate), and chloride ions were removed from the solution before the sol-gel synthesis was applied. SnO_2 powders were characterized by thermal analyses, X-ray diffraction, field emission gun-scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and grain size of nanoparticles were determined by using the Debye-Scherrer formula.
  • Department of Chemistry, Arts and Sciences Faculty, Sakarya University, 54187, Sakarya, Turkey
  • Department of Chemistry, Arts and Sciences Faculty, Sakarya University, 54187, Sakarya, Turkey
  • Department of Metallurgy and Material Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Sakarya University, 54187, Sakarya, Turkey
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