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2013 | 123 | 5 | 822-824
Article title

Enrichment of AISI 316L Steel Surface Layer with Rare Earth Elements Using Ion Beams

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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Enrichment of AISI 316L steel surface layers with rare earth elements was carried out using two methods with ion beam applying. The first one was the ion implantation with the doses in the range of 1 × 10^{15} cm^{-2} up to 5 × 10^{17} cm^{-2} where mishmetal (Ce+La) was used as the ion source. The second method was the high intensity pulsed plasma beams. The plasma pulses contained both ions/atoms of Ce+La from the electrodes material (mishmetal). The pulse energy densities (3 J/cm^2) were sufficient to melt the near surface layer of the steel and introduce those elements into the surface layer. The aim of this work was to investigate the changes of stainless steel surface properties (morphology, rare earth elements concentration, presence of identified phases) after the rare earth elements addition with or without melting. Scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersion spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis were used for initial and modified surface characterisation. Grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction shows differences in the identified phase presence in the modified surface layer connected with the modification method.
Keywords
Year
Volume
123
Issue
5
Pages
822-824
Physical description
Dates
published
2013-05
References
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  • 8. B. Sartowska, Ph.D. Thesis, Institute of Precision Mechanics, Warsaw 2007
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-appv123n508kz
Identifiers
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