PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 121 | 1A | A-9-A-12
Article title

Localization of Acoustic Signals Used in Sound Emitters at Pedestrian Crosswalks

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This study aimed at determining an optimal acoustic signal, which could be used in sound emitters at blind and visually impaired enabled pedestrian crosswalks. Two signals were identified from among groups of tested signals on the basis of psychoacoustic tests. These two signals met the following standard requirements: TR signal - a signal with a triangular temporal envelope and a sinusoidal carrier and RC signal - a signal with a rectangular temporal envelope and a rectangular carrier, both with a basic frequency of 880 Hz, repeated periodically with a frequency of 5 Hz. The ability to localize was tested by a modified method of angle of directional hearing acuity in which the two alternative forced choice adaptation procedure was used. The test signals were emitted against the background of traffic noise and the ratio of the useful signal (65 dB SPL) to noise (75 dB SPL) was (-10 dB). The tests were conducted on 8 subjects with normal hearing (5 women and 3 men), aged 22-37 years. Following statistical analysis it was found that: individual subjects' responses differed considerably with respect to angle of direction hearing acuity values, localization is most difficult at the angles of 90° and 270°, worse localization for trams noise were stated, RC signals are better localized than TR signals.
Keywords
EN
Year
Volume
121
Issue
1A
Pages
A-9-A-12
Physical description
Dates
published
2012-01
References
  • [1] F.L Wightman, D.J. Kistler, in: Binaural and Spatial Hearing, Eds. R.H. Gilky, T.R. Anderson, LEA Publishers, Mahvah, New Jersey 1997
  • [2] R. Hausler, S. Colburn, E. Marr, Acta Oto-Laryngol. 400, 1 (1983)
  • [3] A.W. Mills, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 30, 237 (1958)
  • [4] A. Zakrzewski, Bull. Soc. Amis Sci. Lettr. Poznań, Serie c - Livraison X 9, 1 (1960)
  • [5] F. Hulscher, Australian Road Res. Board Proc. 8, 13 (1976)
  • [6] T. Poulsen, Appl. Acoust. 15, 363 (1982)
  • [7] List of Act No. 220-.2003, entry 2181 of 23.12 (annex no. 3 point 3.3.5) Decree of Ministry of Infrastructure, 2003
  • [8] Polish Norm PN-Z-80100-2004 (2004)
  • [9] ISO 23600-2007(E), 2007
  • [10] M. Niewiarowicz, J. Czajka, E. Hojan, Arch. Acoust. 30, 1 (2005)
  • [11] M. Niewiarowicz, in: Proc. 7th Conf. Acoustics in Audiology and Phoniatrics, Poznań, 2008, abstract
  • [12] M. Niewiarowicz, A. Furmann, in: Proc. 20th Int. Congress on Acoustics, Sydney, Eds. M. Burgess, J. Davey, C. Don, T. McMinn, Australian Acoustical Society, Sydney 2010
  • [13] E. Bogusz, A. Furmann, Acta Phys. Pol. A 119 (Supplement), 925 (2011)
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-appv121n1a02kz
Identifiers
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.