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2011 | 120 | 1 | 149-152
Article title

Aluminum-Doped Zinc Oxide Thin Films Prepared by Sol-Gel and~RF Magnetron Sputtering

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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Zinc oxide (ZnO) thin films have become technologically important materials due to their wide range of electrical and optical properties. The characteristics can be further adjusted by adequate doping processes. In this paper, aluminum-doped zinc oxide thin films have been prepared on glass substrates using a sol-gel route and the radio-frequency magnetron sputtering process. The stoichiometry could be easily adjusted by controlling the nanosized precursor concentration and the thickness by dip-coating cycles. On the other hand, the mixed N_2O/Ar plasma gas provided adequate N doping for the RF sputtering process. The results showed the low electrical resistivity of 21.5 Ω cm with the carrier concentration of - 3.21 × 10^{18} cm^{-3} for the n-type aluminium-doped zinc oxide film. They were 34.2 Ω cm and + 9.68 × 10^{16} cm^{-3} for the p-type aluminium-doped zinc oxide film. The optical transmittance has been as high as 85-90% in the 400-900 nm wavelength range. The aluminium-doped zinc oxide (2 at.% Al) films exhibited the hexagonal wurzite structure with (002) preferred crystal orientation. The electrical characteristics were depicted by the gradual increase in N and NO that occupy the oxygen vacancies.
Keywords
EN
Publisher

Year
Volume
120
Issue
1
Pages
149-152
Physical description
Dates
published
2011-07
Contributors
author
  • Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, Dept. of Chemical and Materials Engineering Chang Gung University, Kweisan, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan R.O.C.
author
  • Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, Dept. of Chemical and Materials Engineering Chang Gung University, Kweisan, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan R.O.C.
author
  • Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, Dept. of Chemical and Materials Engineering Chang Gung University, Kweisan, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan R.O.C.
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Document Type
Publication order reference
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-appv120n138kz
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