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2011 | 119 | 6A | 916-920
Article title

Application of the Bayesian Inference for Estimation of the Long-Term Noise Indicators and Their Uncertainty

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The problem of estimation of the environmental noise hazard indicators and their uncertainty is presented in the hereby paper. The main attention is focused on the estimation process of the long-term noise indicators and their type A standard uncertainty defined by the standard deviation of the mean of the measurement results. The rules given in the ISO/IEC Guide 98 are used in the calculations. It is usually determined by means of the classic variance estimators, at the assumption of the normality of measurements results. However, such assumption in relation to the acoustic measurements is rather questionable. This is the reason that the authors indicated the necessity of implementation of non-classic statistic solutions. There was formulated the estimation idea of seeking density function of long-term noise indicators distribution by the Bayesian inference, which does not generate limitations for form and properties of analyzed statistics. There was presented theoretical basis of the proposed method, and the example of calculation process which make possible determining searched estimators of expected value and variance of long-term noise indicators L_{DEN} and L_{N}. The illustration for indicated solutions and usefulness analysis was constant monitoring results of traffic noise recorded on one of the main arteries of Kraków, Poland.
Physical description
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