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2009 | 115 | 2 | 477-481
Article title

Bivalve Characterization Using Synchrotron Micro X-Ray Fluorescence

Content
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EN
Abstracts
EN
Bivalves, oysters, mussels, and clams are important constituents of riverine and estuarine ecosystems. Their shells and soft tissues provide information on the environments in which they live. Since they are filter feeders, they also are factors in improving water quality through removal of particulate matter from the water column. Finally, they are a valuable food source that has substantial economic value. Hence, characterization of shells and soft tissues is useful for improved understanding of these factors. Here, we used X-ray microprobes and computed microtomography facilities at the Brookhaven National Synchrotron Light Source to investigate elemental distributions in bivalves taken from locations around New York, Washington, DC, and New Orleans, LA. The results form the initial basis for compilation of a database of relevant parameters that can serve for tracking environmental changes and for assessing toxicity of particular metals. The work was enabled by active collaboration with students from the several regions, community groups, and research scientists. The collaboration was facilitated through use of web conferencing between Brookhaven National Laboratory and the varied locations.
Keywords
Contributors
author
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000, USA
author
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000, USA
author
  • Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8661, USA
author
  • Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8661, USA
  • Gowanus Dredgers' Community Oyster Garden, Brooklyn NY, 11215, USA
author
  • Sayville High School, West Sayville, NY 11796, USA
author
  • Sayville High School, West Sayville, NY 11796, USA
author
  • Sayville High School, West Sayville, NY 11796, USA
author
  • Sayville High School, West Sayville, NY 11796, USA
author
  • Sayville High School, West Sayville, NY 11796, USA
  • Syosset High School, Syosset, NY 11791-3200, USA
author
  • Syosset High School, Syosset, NY 11791-3200, USA
author
  • Syosset High School, Syosset, NY 11791-3200, USA
author
  • Syosset High School, Syosset, NY 11791-3200, USA
author
  • Syosset High School, Syosset, NY 11791-3200, USA
author
  • Syosset High School, Syosset, NY 11791-3200, USA
author
  • Southampton High School, Southampton, NY 11968, USA
author
  • Southampton High School, Southampton, NY 11968, USA
author
  • Washington Mathematics Science And Technology Public Charter High School, Washington, DC 20003, USA
author
  • NY Harbor School, Brooklyn, NY 11237, USA
  • Southern University at New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana 70126, USA
References
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  • 2. Eastern Oyster Biological Review Team, 2007, Status review of the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica). Report to the National Marine Fisheries Service, Northeast Regional Office, February 16, 2007
  • 3. National Status and Trends Program: Mussel Watch Project, http://www.hsrl.rutgers.edu/NST.html
  • 4. Hudson-Raritan Estuary Restoration efforts are summarized at the NY/NJ Baykeeper web site: http://www.nynjbaykeeper.org/programs/42
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  • 8. K. Subburaman, N. Pernodet, S.Y. Kwak, E. DiMasi, S. Ge, V. Zaitsev, X. Ba, N.L. Yang, M. Rafailovich, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 103, 14672 (2006)
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  • 10. S. Kurunczi, S. Török, P. Chevallier, Mikrochim. Acta 137, 41 (2001)
  • 11. J.R. Reinfelder, W.-X. Wang, S.N. Luoma, N.S. Fisher, Mar. Biol. 129, 443 (1997)
  • 12. K. Snyder, Synchrotron Radiat. News 21, 40 (2008)
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-appv115n209kz
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