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2007 | 111 | 4 | 563-572
Article title

Nonfrustrated Antiferromagnet in a Frustrated Lattice Due to Charge Ordering: A Scenario for Pairing in Layered Cobaltates

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The mechanism of pairing-symmetry selection in the weakly electron doped t-J model on the honeycomb lattice has been analyzed. The discussion of that problem has been motivated by some recent suggestions that due to charge ordering which may take place in the unconventional superconductor Na_xCoO_2· yH_2O at doping levels near x=1/3 the physics of CoO_2 planes may be effectively described in terms of a model for a weakly electron doped antiferromagnet on the honeycomb lattice. In the current publication the main emphasis has been put on reviewing experimental and theoretical work, the results of which support the scenario of charge order. In the calculation, the so-called string picture has been used. It has been demonstrated that spin fluctuations may induce in the honeycomb lattice the formation of an unconventional two-particle bound state. Upon the condensation of bound particles this mechanism may give rise to unconventional pairing. The critical value of the ratio J/t which is sufficient to induce binding has not been evaluated. It has been assumed instead that in the case of cobaltates some additional isotropic attractive interaction, for example phonon mediated, is active. Despite that the exchange of spin fluctuations is not a dominating interaction, it selects the symmetry of the paired state because it is anisotropic. C_{3v} is the relevant point group for the t-J model on the honeycomb lattice. It has been shown that the bound state of two additional electrons doped to the half-filled antiferromagnetically ordered system has zero total momentum and p-wave symmetry of the irreducible representation E. The expected paired state is a mixture of a singlet and a triplet because the honeycomb lattice does not possess the inversion symmetry.
Physical description
  • Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 Wrocław 2, Poland, Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Nöthnitzer Str. 38, 01187 Dresden, Germany
  • Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 Wrocław 2, Poland
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