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2006 | 109 | 4-5 | 507-512
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Spontaneous Currents in a Ferromagnet-Normal Metal-Superconductor Trilayer

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We discuss the ground state properties of the system composed of a normal metal sandwiched between ferromagnet and superconductor within a tight binding Hubbard model. We solved the spin-polarized Hartree-Fock-Gorkov equations together with the Maxwell equation (Ampere's law) and found a proximity induced Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state in this system. Here we show that the inclusion of the normal metal layer in between those subsystems does not necessarily lead to the suppression of the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov phase. Moreover, we found that depending on the thickness of the normal metal slab the system can be switched periodically between the state with the spontaneous current flowing to that one with no current. All these effects can be explained in terms of the Andreev bound states formed in such structures.
  • Institute of Physics and Nanotechnology Center, M. Curie-Skłodowska University, pl. M. Curie-Skłodowskiej 1, 20-031 Lublin, Poland
  • H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndal Ave., Bristol BS8 1TL, UK
  • H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndal Ave., Bristol BS8 1TL, UK
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