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2005 | 108 | 3 | 429-447
Article title

The Role of Intermolecular Interactions in the Electro-Optical Kerr Effect in Liquid Alkanes

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EN
Abstracts
EN
The electro-optical Kerr effect of n-alkanes from C_5 to C_{16} was investigated in gas phase, liquid phase, and solution. The values of the Kerr constants in gas phase are noticeably distinguishable from those in liquids, where the molecules interact by the London dispersion forces. Both the energy of the dispersion interaction and the difference in the Kerr constants in liquid and gas phase grow with molecular size, indicating the key influence of the interaction on the magnitude of the Kerr effect. Several orientation and molecular-statistical theories of electro-optical Kerr effect were applied to model the change in electro-optical Kerr effect due to the dispersion force. Most theories show significant divergence compared to the experimental data. It is argued that the decisive contribution to electro-optical Kerr effect in liquids and the deviations between the experiment and theory arise due to local liquid structures that collectively orient in the external electric field.
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Publisher

Year
Volume
108
Issue
3
Pages
429-447
Physical description
Dates
published
2005-09
received
2005-02-21
Contributors
author
  • Department of Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98 115, USA
author
  • Institute of Chemistry, Jan Kochanowski University, Chęcińska 5, 25-020 Kielce, Poland
author
  • Institute of Chemistry, Jan Kochanowski University, Chęcińska 5, 25-020 Kielce, Poland
author
  • Institute of Chemistry, Jan Kochanowski University, Chęcińska 5, 25-020 Kielce, Poland
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-appv108n302kz
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