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2005 | 107 | 4 | 690-696
Article title

Relaxation of Free Volume in Polycarbonate and Polystyrene Studied by Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy

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EN
Abstracts
EN
We present the time evolution of polycarbonate and polystyrene free volume probed by positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy, which occurs after thermal rejuvenation above the glass transition temperature (T_g) and after plastic deformation via cold rolling. The ortho-positronium (τ_{o-Ps}) lifetime and its intensity (I_{o-Ps}) are used to characterise, respectively, size and concentration of the free volume holes. Our results suggest that the effect of plastic deformation on the polymer microstructure is far different from that of a thermally rejuvenated sample contrarily to common beliefs. In particular, plastic deformation results in an increase inτ_{o-Ps} and a decrease in I_{o-Ps}, whereas rejuvenation above T_g results in an increase in I_{o-Ps} whileτ_{o-Ps} remains unchanged. In addition, physical aging below T_g after plastic deformation manifests as a reduction of τ_{o-Ps}, whereas a decrease in I_{o-Ps} is observed after thermal rejuvenation. These results corroborate the idea of an amorphous-amorphous transition induced by plastic deformation.
Keywords
EN
Year
Volume
107
Issue
4
Pages
690-696
Physical description
Dates
published
2005-04
received
2004-09-20
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-appv107n420kz
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