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2005 | 107 | 1 | 75-81
Article title

Carrier Dynamics in Quantum Cascade Lasers

Content
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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
A fully quantum-mechanical model for carrier scattering transport in semiconductor intersubband devices was applied to modelling of carrier dynamics in quantum cascade lasers. The standard model uses the envelope function and effective mass approximations to solve electron band structure under an applied bias. The k·p model has been employed in p-type systems where the more complex band structure requires it. The resulting wave functions are then used to evaluate all relevant carrier-phonon, carrier-carrier and alloy scattering rates from each quantised state to all others within the same and the neighbouring period. This piece of information is then used to construct a rate equation for the equilibrium carrier density in each subband and this set of coupled rate equations are solved self-consistently to obtain the carrier density in each eigenstate. The latter is a fundamental description of the device and can be used to calculate the current density and gain as a function of the applied bias and temperature, which in turn yields the threshold current and expected temperature dependence of the device characteristics. A recent extension which includes a further iteration of an energy balance equation also yields the electron (or hole) temperature over the subbands. This paper will review the method and describe its application to mid-infrared and terahertz, GaAs, GaN, and SiGe cascade laser designs.
Keywords
EN
Publisher

Year
Volume
107
Issue
1
Pages
75-81
Physical description
Dates
published
2005-01
received
2004-08-22
Contributors
author
  • School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
author
  • School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
author
  • School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
author
  • Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Bulevar kralja Aleksandra 73, 11120 Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro
author
  • School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
author
  • School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
author
  • School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
author
  • School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
  • School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
  • Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Bulevar kralja Aleksandra 73, 11120 Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro
author
  • Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Bulevar kralja Aleksandra 73, 11120 Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro
  • School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
References
  • 1. D. Indjin, P. Harrison, R.W. Kelsall, Z. Ikonić, Appl. Phys. Lett., 81, 400, 2002
  • 2. P. Harrison, D. Indjin, R.W. Kelsall, J. Appl. Phys., 92, 6921, 2002
  • 3. D. Indjin, P. Harrison, R.W. Kelsall, Z. Ikonić, Appl. Phys. Lett., 82, 1347, 2003
  • 4. R.C. Iotti, F. Rossi, Phys. Rev. Lett., 87, 146603, 2001
  • 5. Z. Ikonić, P. Harrison, R.W. Kelsall, J. Appl. Phys., 96, 6803, 2004
  • 6. R. Kohler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H.E. Beere, R. Iotti, F. Rossi, Nature, 417, 156, 2002
  • 7. M.S. Vitiello, V. Sapgnolo, G. Scamarcio, B.S. Williams, S. Kumar, Q. Hu, J.L. Reno, presented at Proc. 6th Int. Conf. in Mid-infrared Optoelectronics and Materials and Devices, St. Petersburg (Russia), June 2004
  • 8. V.D. Jovanović, D. Indjin, Z. Ikonić, P. Harrison, Appl. Phys. Lett., 84, 2995, 2004
  • 9. Z. Ikonić, R.W. Kelsall, P. Harrison, Phys. Rev. B, 69, 235308, 2004
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-appv107n108kz
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