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2003 | 103 | 4 | 373-385
Article title

Electron Spin-Lattice Relaxation in Polymers and Crystals Related to Disorder and Structure Defects

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Abstracts
EN
Temperature dependences (4-300 K) of the electron spin-lattice relaxation have been determined by electron spin echo technique for free radicals in two polymeric systems: phenol-formaldehyde resin and polyhydrazodisulphide. The dependences are described in terms of dynamics specific for amorphous systems involving two-level tunnelling states at low temperatures, exchange-coupled clusters of paramagnetic centres and local oscillators. Some universal temperature behaviour of the spin-lattice relaxation of amorphous systems is suggested, with a strong increase in relaxation rate with temperature at low temperatures and much weaker increase above 50 K with characteristic linear temperature dependence in a broad temperature range and cosech(Δ/kT) -type behaviour. It is also shown that the amorphous-type behaviour appears in low temperatures relaxation studies of single crystals but it is due to a non-uniform distribution of doped paramagnetic ions. Such behaviour we have found in Tutton salt crystals doped with Cu^{2+}, as well as for free radical centres produced by ionising irradiation in (NH_4)_3H(SeO_4)_2 and Li(N_2H_5)SO_4 single crystals, where extended phonons are suppressed around radiation damage centres suggesting a local amorphisation of the crystal structure.
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Contributors
author
  • Institute of Molecular Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, M. Smoluchowskiego 17, 60-179 Poznań, Poland
author
  • Institute of Molecular Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, M. Smoluchowskiego 17, 60-179 Poznań, Poland
author
  • Institute of Molecular Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, M. Smoluchowskiego 17, 60-179 Poznań, Poland
author
  • Institute of Molecular Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, M. Smoluchowskiego 17, 60-179 Poznań, Poland
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Document Type
Publication order reference
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bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-appv103n403kz
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