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2001 | 100 | 3 | 287-299
Article title

Introduction to Quantum Hall Effects

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EN
Abstracts
EN
The quantum Hall effect is a set of phenomena observed at low temperature in a two-dimensional electron gas subject to a strong perpendicular magnetic field. It manifests itself as a quantization of the nondiagonal elements (ρ_{xy}) of the resistivity tensor accompanied by simultaneous vanishingρ_{xx} for ranges of the magnetic field. For the integer quantum Hall effectρ_{xy}= h/νe^2, where h is the Planck constant, e - charge of an electron andν is an integer, while for the fractional quantum Hall effectν is a simple fraction. In spite of similar phenomenology deep and profound differences exist between these two effects. In the lecture the precision of the Hall quantization in the integer quantum Hall effect and briefly new types of quantum fluids observed in the fractional quantum Hall effect are discussed. Some recent theoretical and experimental discoveries connected with quantum Hall liquids are also mentioned.
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EN
Year
Volume
100
Issue
3
Pages
287-299
Physical description
Dates
published
2001-09
received
2001-06-01
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-appv100n320kz
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