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2017 | 132 | 3 | 1002-1005
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Preparation and Characterization of High Purity Silica Obtained from Rice Husks

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Although SiO₂ is produced mostly from mineral sources like quartz, it has recently been obtained from lignocellulosic natural resources, such as rice husk (hull). Several methods for extracting silica (SiO₂) from rice husks are available in the literature. These methods are based essentially on heat treatment and/or extraction. This study represents a thorough account of heat treatment and acid-base extraction, to obtain silica from rice husks with a high purity and to eliminate other inorganic impurities. Rice husks, considered to be a potential silica source, were pretreated with various acids, base and water and then thermally degraded in a fixed bed reactor under an inert gas atmosphere (N₂). The materials produced in these conditions were characterized by Brauner-Emmett-Teller analysis, for surface area and pore volume, by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, and scanning electron microscopy.
  • Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University, Chemical and Process Engineering Department, Bilecik, Turkey
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