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2018 | 65 | 1 | 43-50
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The relationship between CA repeat polymorphism of the IGF-1 gene and the structure of motor skills in young athletes

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The map of candidate genes that can potentially affect physical fitness becomes larger every year, and they are associated with such aspects as respiratory and cardiovascular stability; body build and composition - especially muscle mass and strength; carbohydrate and lipid metabolism; response to training; and exercise intolerance.The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the CA repeat polymorphism of the P1 promoter of the IGF1 gene and the structure of motor skills in the two groups of Polish young athletes in 2007-2009. In this study, 350 young sportsmen representing different sports disciplines were examined (age = 15.5 ± 0.5 years), by genotyping the IGF1 gene and determining the structure of motor skills using the International Physical Fitness Test (IPFT) battery. The multiple stepwise regression was used to determine the impact of the investigated motor skills on the indicator of the overall physical fitness, measured by the total score of the International Physical Fitness Test (IPFT). The analysis showed some regularity related to the character of the IGF1 gene polymorphism. It can be concluded that the two groups of young boys athletes practicing various sports disciplines (kinds of physical exercise) displayed similar associations between CA repeat polymorphism of the P1 promoter of the IGF1 gene and the level of motor effects. Our results suggest that this polymorphism may be a genetic marker of the physical performance phenotype. We demonstrated that CA repeat polymorphism of the P1 promoter of the IGF1 gene was associated with strength predispositions in the homozygous and non-carriers groups. In the group who were heterozygous it was speed-strength aptitudes.
Physical description
  • Department of the Theory of Sport, Poznan University School of Physical Education, Poznań, Poland
  • Department of Biology and Environmental Protection, Poznan University School of Physical Education, Poznań, Poland
  • Department of Team Sports Games, Poznan University School of Physical Education, Poznań, Poland
  • Laboratory of Molecular Biology Techniques, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
  • Department of Gymnastics and Dance, Poznan University School of Physical Education, Poznań, Poland
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