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2018 | 65 | 1 | 101-109
Article title

Targeting the hypoxia pathway in malignant plasma cells by using 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin

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Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized as a clonal expansion of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow, which is often associated with pancytopenia and osteolytic bone disease. Interestingly, myeloma-infiltrated bone marrow is considered to be hypoxic, providing selection pressure for a developing tumour. Since HSP90 was shown to participate in stabilization of the subunit of the key transcription factor HIF-1, which controls the hypoxic response, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of a HSP90 inhibitor 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), on MM cells cultured under low oxygenation conditions. We confirmed that 17-AAG inhibits hypoxic induction of the HIF-1 target genes in malignant plasma cells and demonstrate the concentration range of severe hypoxia-specific cytotoxicity. Next, we selected the malignant plasma cells under severe hypoxia/re-oxygenation culture conditions in the presence or absence of 17-AAG and subsequently, the cells which survived were further expanded and analyzed. Interestingly, we have noticed significant changes in the survival and the response to anti-MM drugs between the parental cell lines and those selected in cyclic severe hypoxia in the presence and absence of 17-AAG. Importantly, we also observed that the lack of oxygen itself, irrespectively of HIF-1 inhibition, is the main/pivotal factor driving the selection process in the experiments presented here.
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  • Chair of Medical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland
  • Chair of Medical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland
  • Chair of Medical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland
  • Chair of Medical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland
  • Chair of Medical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland
  • Chair of Medical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland
  • Chair of Medical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland
  • Chair of Medical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland
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