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2017 | 64 | 4 | 687-691
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Acute tadalafil administration increases plasma fatty acids without changes in the inflammatory response in healthy men

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Purpose: Tadalafil, the phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE5I), has been shown to reduce visceral adipose tissue in rabbit and to improve lean mass content in non-obese men. In order to clarify this effect in humans, in the present study we determined the impact of an acute oral tadalafil administration on lipolysis by evaluating plasma free fatty acids (FFAs) and glycerol. FFAs are potential modulator of inflammation response that we evaluated through tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), interleukin 6 (IL6), interleukin 8 (IL8) and interleukin 10 (IL10) plasma levels. Moreover, we determined whether the effects of tadalafil would be reflected in variation of plasma levels of cGMP and NO, two important molecules involved in PDE5Is signaling. Methods: Twelve healthy subjects were supplemented with 20 mg of tadalafil or a placebo, in a double-blind, randomized, cross-over design. Blood samples were collected immediately before, and at 2, 6, and 24 hours post ingestion, and assayed for biochemical analysis. Results: A condition effect was noted for FFAs and glycerol, with values higher for tadalafil when compared to the placebo group, at 2 and 6 hours post ingestion. No statistically significant effects were noted for glucose, cGMP, nitrate and nitrite. No inflammatory response was induced by tadalafil. Conclusion: Tadalafil, in human subjects, increases lipolysis as evidenced by a significant increase in circulating FFAs and glycerol, without affecting the plasma cGMP and NO levels; noticeably, the increase in FFAs did not develop an inflammatory response. Further well-controlled studies are warranted to assess the impact of tadalafil administration on weight/fat loss.
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  • Università degli Studi di Roma "Foro Italico", Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, Unit of Biology, Genetics and Biochemistry, Rome, Italy
  • Università degli Studi di Roma "Foro Italico", Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, Unit of Biology, Genetics and Biochemistry, Rome, Italy
  • Università degli Studi di Roma "Foro Italico", Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, Unit of Endocrinology, Rome, Italy
  • Università degli Studi di Roma "Foro Italico", Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, Unit of Biology, Genetics and Biochemistry, Rome, Italy
  • Università degli Studi di Roma "Foro Italico", Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, Unit of Biology, Genetics and Biochemistry, Rome, Italy
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