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2014 | 61 | 3 | 459-463
Article title

Active surveillance in poultry in Poland for avian influenza subtypes H5 and H7

Content
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EN
Abstracts
EN
A serological surveillance programme for avian influenza A virus (AIV) subtype H5 and H7 in poultry was implemented in Poland in 2008-2013 with two main objectives: i) to detect subclinical infections or previous exposures to AIV H5 and H7 subtypes and ii) to demonstrate the AI- free status of Poland. During this period, over 45 000 serum samples from 2833 holdings were examined using the hemagglutination inhibition test (HI). The presence of HI antibodies was detected in 8 breeder geese holdings (7 positive for H5 and 1 positive for H7 AIV) and in 1 breeder duck holding (H5-positive), which represented 0.32% of all investigated holdings. All seropositive flocks were examined by real time RT-PCR with negative results, which substantiated the AI-free status of Poland. Positive results detected in clinically healthy poultry kept in an open range system indicate prior infections with low pathogenic AIV originating from the wild-bird reservoir.
Publisher

Year
Volume
61
Issue
3
Pages
459-463
Physical description
Dates
published
2014
received
2014-05-28
revised
2014-08-12
accepted
2014-08-15
(unknown)
2014-09-04
Contributors
author
  • Department of Poultry Diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
  • Department of Poultry Diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
author
  • Department of Poultry Diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
author
  • Department of Poultry Diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
References
  • EC (2005) Council Directive 2005/94/EC of 20 December 2005 on Community measures for the control of avian influenza and repealing Directive 92/40/EEC, Official Journal of the Eurpean Union L 237: 31.08.2006. 1-64.
  • EC (2007) Commission Decision 2007/268/EC of 13 April 2007 on the implementation of surveillance programmes for avian influenza in poultry and wild birds to be carried out in the Member States and amending Decision 2004/450/EC, Official Journal of the European Union L115: 3.5.2007, 1-17.
  • EC (2010) Commission Decision 2010/367/EU of 25 June 2010 on the implementation by Member States of surveillance programmes for avian influenza in poultry and wild birds, Official Journal of the European Union L 166: 1.7.2010, 1-11.
  • OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health) (2008) Avian influenza. In: Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals. 6th edn, pp 436-454.
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  • Pantin-Jackwood MJ, Swayne DE (2007) Pathobiology of Asian highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus infections in ducks. Avian Dis 51: 250-259.
  • Phuong do Q, Dung NT, Jorgensen PH, Handberg KJ, Vinh NT, Christensen JP (2011) Susceptibility of Muscovy (Cairina Moschata) and mallard ducks (Anas Platyrhynchos) to experimental infections by different genotypes of H5N1 avian influenza viruses. Vet Microbiol 148: 168-174.
  • Smietanka K, Pikuła A, Minta Z, Meissner W (2011) Evidence of persistence and multiple genetic modifications of H7N7 low-pathogenic avian influenza virus in wild mallards in Poland provided by phylogenetic studies. Avian Pathol 40: 131-138.
  • Smietanka K, Minta Z, Wlodarczyk R, Wyrostek K, Jozwiak M, Olszewska M, Minias P, Kaczmarek K, Janiszewski T, Kleszcz A (2012) Avian influenza viruses in wild birds at the Jeziorsko reservoir in Poland in 2008-2010. Pol J Vet Sci 15: 323-328.
  • Spackman E, Senne DA, Myers TJ, Bulaga LL, Garber LP, Perdue ML, Lohman K, Daum LT, Suarez DL (2002) Development of a real-time reverse transcriptase PCR assay for type A influenza virus and the avian H5 and H7 hemagglutinin subtypes. J Clin Microbiol 40: 3256-3260.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-abpv61p459kz
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