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2013 | 60 | 4 | 523-530
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Silver nanoparticles as an alternative strategy against bacterial biofilms

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Biofilms are complex bacterial communities that resist the action of antibiotics and the human immune system. Bacteria within biofilms are the cause of numerous, almost impossible to eradicate, persistent infections. Biofilms can form on many medical devices and implants, and so have an enormous impact on medicine. Due to the lack of effective anti-biofilm antibiotics, novel alternative compounds or strategies are urgently required. This review describes some of the latest approaches in the field of biofilm treatment. New anti-biofilm technologies target different stages in the biofilm formation process. Some act to modify the colonized biomaterials to make them resistant to biofilm formation. One potentially important candidate treatment uses silver nanoparticles that show anti-bacterial and anti-biofilm activity. The biological action of nano-silver is complex and seems to involve a number of pathways. However, there have been few reports on the anti-biofilm activity of silver nanoparticles and the precise mechanism underlying their action remains unresolved. Here, we describe some anti-biofilm approaches employing AgNPs and consider the challenges and problems that need to be addressed in order to make silver nanoparticles a part of an effective anti-biofilm strategy.
Physical description
  • Department of Bacterial Genetics, Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Bacterial Genetics, Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Bacterial Genetics, Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
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