Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 59 | 4 | 581-585
Article title

Biological activities and chemical composition of solvent extracts of Stoechospermum marginatum (C. Agardh)

Title variants
Languages of publication
The objective of this study was to evaluate the chemical composition CH3OH-CH2Cl2 (1:1) extract and biological activities of various extracts derived from the aerial parts of the brown marine alga Stoechospermum marginatum (C. Agardh). Gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) were used to analyze the composition of the essential oil. Total phenolics assay demonstrated a high value in hexane extract (HE), with a lower value for chloroform extract (CE), and the lowest value for methanol extract (ME). DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) assay showed that extracts of S. marginatum possess radical scavenging activity (RSA). Tests of the antioxidant property of the extracts revealed both electron and hydrogen transfer mechanisms. The antibacterial activity of the ME, CE, and HE as well as an ethanol extract was estimated against seven Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The ethanol extract showed the highest antibacterial activity, and the HE showed the lowest.
Physical description
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
  • Department of Marine Chemistry, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
  • Adams RP (2007) Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/mass Sspectroscopy. 4th edn. Allured Publishing, Carol Stream, IL.
  • Cowan MM (1999) Plant products as antimicrobial agents. Clin Microbiol Rev 12: 564-82.
  • Ebrahimzadeh MA, Hosseinimehr SJ, Hamidinia A, Jafari M (2008) Antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity of Feijoa sallowiana fruits peel and leaves. Pharmacologyonline 1: 7-14.
  • Ebrahimzadeh MA, Nabavi SF, Nabavi SM (2009) Antioxidant activities of methanol extract of Sambucus ebulus L. flower. Pak J Biol Sci 12: 447-450.
  • Ely R, Supriya T, Naik CG (2004) Antimicrobial activity of marine organisms collected off the coast of South East India. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 309: 121-127.
  • Esmaeili A, Amiri H (2011) The in vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Tanacetum pinnatum boiss. grown in Iran. Bulgarian Chem Com 43: 267-271.
  • Esmaeili A, Rashidi B, Rezazadeh S (2012) Biological activities of various extract and chemical composition of Trigonella monantha C. A. Mey. subsp. monantha grown in Iran. Iran J Pharm Res (in press).
  • Esmaeili A, Tavassoli A, Ebrahimzadeh MA (2009) Antioxidant activity and free radical scavenging activity of Salvia glutinosa growing in Iran. Pharmacologyonline 2: 109-116.
  • Esmaeili A, Khodadadi A (2012) Antioxidant activity of a solution of thymol in ethanol. Zahedan J Res Med Sci 14: 14-18.
  • Farag B, El-Baroti (1989) Antioxidant activity of some spice essential oils on linoleic acid oxidation in aqueous media. Am Oil Chem Soc 66: 792-99.
  • Gupta VK, Shrivastava AK, Jain N (2001) Biosorption of chromium(VI) from aqueous solutions by green algae Spirogyra Species. Water Res 35: 4079-4085.
  • Halliwell B, Gutteridge JM (1990) Role of free radicals and catalytic metal ions in human disease: an overview. Methods Enzymol 186: 1-85.
  • Iliopoulou D, Vagias C, Harvala C, Roussis V (2002) C(15) Acetogenins from the red alga Laurencia obtuse. Phytochemistry 59: 111-116.
  • Joulain D, König WA (1998) The atlas of spectral data of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons. E. B.-Verlag, Hamburg.
  • Lordan S, Ross RP, Stanton C (2011) Marine bioactives as functional food ingredients: potential to reduce the incidence of chronic diseases. Marine Drugs 9: 1056-1100.
  • Madsen HL, Andersen CM, Jorgensen LV, Skibsted LH (2000) Radical scavenging by dietary flavonoids: a kinetic study of antioxidant efficiencies. Eur Food Res Tech 211: 240-246.
  • Mass Spectrometry Data Centre (1991) Eight peak index of mass spectra. 4th edn. Unwin Brothers, Surrey.
  • Metzger P, Rager MN, Largeau C (2002) Botryolins A and B, two tetramethylsqualene triethers from the green microalga Botryococcus braunii. Phytochemistry 59(8): 839-843.
  • Oh K, Lee G (2008) Antimicrobial activities of the bromophenols from the red alga Odonthalia corymbifera and some synthetic derivatives. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chem Lett 18: 104-108.
  • Ozdemir G, Karabay NU, Dalay CM, Pazarbasi B (2004) Antibacterial activity of volatile components and various extracts of Spirulina platensis. Phytother Res 18: 754-757.
  • Rosa SD, Iodice C, Khalaghdoust M, Oryan S, Rustaiyan A (1999) Spatane diterpenoids from the brown alga Stoechospermum marginatum (Dictyotaceae). Phytochemistry 51: 1009-1012.
  • Seenivasan R, Indu H, Archana G, Geetha S (2010) The antibacterial activity of some marine algae from south east coast of India. J Phar Res 8: 1907-1912.
  • Shahidi F, Wanasundara PK (1992) Phenolic antioxidants. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 32: 67-103.
  • Smit AJ (2004) Medicinal and pharmaceutical uses of seaweed natural products: a review. J Appl Phycol 16: 245-262.
  • Sohrabipour J, Rabii R (1990) A list of marine algae of seashores of Persian Gulf Oman Sea in the Hormozgan province. Iran J Botony 8: 131-162.
  • Stirk WA, Reinecke DL, Staden J (2007) Seasonal variation in antifungal, antibacterial and acetylcholinesterase activity in seven South African seaweeds. J Appl Phycol 19: 271-276.
  • Taskin E, Ozturk M, Taskin E, Kurt O (2007) Antibacterial activities of some marine algae from the Aegean Sea (Turkey). African J Biotech 6: 2746-2751.
  • Thirumaran G, Vijayabaskar P, Anantharaman P (2006) Antibacterial and antifungal activities of brown Marine macro alaga (Dictyota dichotoma) from the Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve. Environ Ecol 24S: 37-40.
  • Vairappan CS, Daitoh M, Suzuki M, Abe T, Masuda M (2001) Antibacterial halogenated metabolites from the Malaysian Laurencia species. Phytochemistry 58: 291-297.
  • Venkateswarlu G, Panchagnula K, Aditya L, Gottumukkala VS (2007) Synthesis, structural revision and biological activities of 4-chloroaurone, a metabolite of marine brown alga Spatoglossum variabile. Tetrahedron 63: 6909-6914.
  • Yamamoto I, Takahashi M, Tamura E, Maruyama H, Mori H (1984) Antitumor activity of edible marine algae: effect of crude fucoidan fractions prepared from edible brown seaweeds against L-1210 leukemia. Hydrobiologia 116/117: 145-148.
  • Yang L, Peng LS, Zhou S, (2006) Lactones from a brown alga endophytic fungus (No. ZZF36) from the South China Sea and their antimicrobial activities. Bioorganic and Med Chem Lett 16: 4205-4208.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.