The "H5N1 publication case" and its conclusions
Languages of publication
The request of the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB) to the editors of the scientific journals SCIENCE and NATURE not to publish details on the modified H5N1-virus has surprisingly not caused a discussion on censorship within the scientific community (NSABB, 2012a, P.1). This may show that science generally acknowledges the necessity to cut out sensitive data from research results in publications that may serve as a manual for weapons of mass destruction. In this article the policy of the NSABB and the reaction of the scientific community is discussed, as well as the meaning of censorship in dual use research and how an appropriate organisation of future surveillance in sensitive science fields could be organised: To guarantee future undisturbed work in sensitive science fields, the establishment of an internationally organised frame for scientists dealing with dual-use-research is suggested.
- Enserink M (2012) Scientists brace for media storm around controversial flu studies. Science.
- Fouchier R, García-Sastre A, Kawaoka Y (2012). Pause on avian flu transmission studies. Nature 481: 443.
- Herfst S (2012) Airborne Transmission of Influenza A-H5N1 Virus between Ferrets. Science 336: 1534-1541.
- IUMS (The International Union of Microbiological Societies) (2006) The Code of Ethics against Misuse of Scientific Knowledge, Research and Resources.
- Imai M, Watanabe T, Hatta M et al. (2012) Experimental adaptation of an influenza H5 HA confers respiratory droplet transmission to a reassortant H5 HA/H1N1 virus in ferrets. Nature 486: 420-428.
- NSABB (2012) Full Recommendations of the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity Regarding its March 29-30, 2012 Meeting to Review Revised Manuscripts on Transmissibility of A/H5N1 Influenza Virus.
- Pauwels E (2007) Ethics for researchers. European Communities.
- REUTERS(2012) Controversial ,Armageddon' super virus recipe to stay secret - for now.
- Sandmann P (2012) Science versus Spin: How Ron Fouchier and Other Scientists miscommunicated about the Bioengineered Bird Flu Controversy.
- Schulz W (2012) Uncertain Path for H5N1 Research Policy: A closed-door meeting and a vague statement from an international panel muddy the road ahead. Chem Eng News 90: 9.
- WHO (2012) Public health, influenza experts agree H5N1 research critical, but extend delay.
Publication order reference