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2012 | 59 | 1 | 155-157
Article title

Unique carotenoid lactoside, P457, in Symbiodinium sp. of dinoflagellate

Content
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EN
Abstracts
EN
The dinoflagellates are a large group of unicellular alge in marine and fresh water. Some are an endosymbiont of marine animals. Photosynthetic dinoflagellates have peridinin, a light-harvesting carotenoid. In addition, a unique carotenoid, P457, was found from Amphinidium. The presence of P457 in Symbiodinium derived from marine animals has not been reported. We reconfirmed the molecular structure of P457, a neoxanthin-like carotenoid with an aldehyde group and a lactoside, from Symbiodinium sp. NBRC 104787 isolated from a sea anemone. In addition, we investigated the distribution of P457 and peridinin in various Symbiodinium and scleractinian coral species, and possible biosynthetic pathways of these carotenoids are proposed.
Publisher

Year
Volume
59
Issue
1
Pages
155-157
Physical description
Dates
published
2012
received
2011-10-13
accepted
2012-03-01
(unknown)
2012-03-17
Contributors
  • Course in Environmental Molecular Biology and Microbial Ecology, Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
  • Course in Environmental Molecular Biology and Microbial Ecology, Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
author
  • Research Institute for Production Development, Sakyo, Kyoto, Japan
  • Department of Biology, Nippon Medical School, Nakahara, Kawasaki, Japan
References
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  • Britton G (1998) Overview of carotenoid biosynthesis. In Carotenoids 3: Biosynthesis and Metabolism. Britton G, Liaaen-Jensen S, Pfander H, eds, pp 13-147. Birkhäuse, Basel.
  • Britton G, Liaaen-Jensen S, Pfander H (2004) Carotenoids Handbook. Birkhäuse, Basel.
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  • Jeffrey SW, Sielicki M, Haxo FT (1975) Chloroplast pigment patterns in dinoflagellates. J Phycol 11: 374-384.
  • Johansen JE, Svec WA, Liaaen-Jensen S (1974) Carotenoids of the Dinophyceae. Phytochemistry 13: 2261-2271.
  • Palmer JD (2003) The symbiotic birth and spread of plastids: How many times and whodunit? J Phycol. 39: 4-11.
  • Swift IE, Milborrow BV (1981) Stereochemistry of allene biosynthesis and the formation of the acetylenic carotenoid diadinoxanthin and peridinin (C37) from neoxanthin. Biochem J 199: 69-74.
  • Swift IE, Milborrow BV, Jeffrey SW (1982) Formation of neoxanthin, diadinoxanthin and peridinin from [14C]zeaxanthin by a cell-free system from Amphidinium carterae. Phytochemistry 21: 2859-2864.
  • Takaichi S (2011) Carotenoids in algae: distributions, biosynthesis and functions. Mar Drugs 9: 1101-1118.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-abpv59p155kz
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