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2011 | 58 | 4 | 581-587
Article title

Mentha longifolia in vitro cultures as safe source of flavouring ingredients

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EN
Abstracts
EN
In vitro plantlets and callus of M. longifolia were established and their volatile constituents characterized by GC-MS analysis of their headspaces (HSs) and essential oils (EOs). Significant quali-quantitative differences were found in the aromatic fingerprints in comparison with the M. longifolia parent plants. In fact, limonene and carvone were the main constituents in the EOs of the mother plants, while the aroma of the in vitro plant material were especially enriched in oxygenated terpenes. In particular, huge amounts of piperitenone and piperitenone oxide (75 %) were found for in vitro plantlets, while trans-carvone oxide (19 %) and trans-piperitone epoxide (9 %) were found in callus EO. However, the established in vitro plant material showed lack of pulegone and menthofurane, thus preserving an important feature observed in the volatile fingerprint of the parent plants. In fact, because of their well-known toxicity significant amounts of pulegone and menthofurane may compromise the safety using of mint essential oil. Therefore the in vitro M. longifolia plantlets and callus may be regarded as a potential source of a safe flavouring agent.
Publisher

Year
Volume
58
Issue
4
Pages
581-587
Physical description
Dates
published
2011
received
2011-08-11
revised
2011-11-02
accepted
2011-12-13
(unknown)
2011-12-15
Contributors
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Science - University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Science - University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
  • Department of Biochemistry Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation State Research Institute, Pulawy, Poland
  • Department of Biochemistry Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation State Research Institute, Pulawy, Poland
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Science - University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-abpv58p581kz
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