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2010 | 57 | 3 | 355-360
Article title

Depletion of intracellular glutathione and increased lipid peroxidation mediate cytotoxicity of hematite nanoparticles in MRC-5 cells

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EN
Abstracts
EN
Particles generated from numerous anthropogenic and/or natural sources, such as crystalline α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles, have the potential to damage lung cells. In our study we investigated the effects of these nanoparticles (12.5 µg/ml) on lipid peroxidation and the antioxidative system in MRC-5 lung fibroblast cells following exposure for 24, 48 or 72h. Exposure to α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles increased lipid peroxidation by 81%, 189% and 110% after 24, 48 and 72h, respectively. Conversely, the reduced glutathione concentration decreased by 23.2% and 51.4% after 48 and 72h of treatment, respectively. In addition, an augmentation of the activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione transferase and glutathione reductase within the interval between 48-72h was noticed. Taking into account that the reduced glutathione level decreased and the malondialdehyde level, a lipid peroxidation product, remained highly increased up to 72h of exposure, it would appear that the MRC-5 antioxidant defense mechanisms did not efficiently counteract the oxidative stress induced by exposure to hematite nanoparticles.
Year
Volume
57
Issue
3
Pages
355-360
Physical description
Dates
published
2010
received
2010-03-08
revised
2010-06-26
accepted
2010-08-16
(unknown)
2010-09-11
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Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-abpv57p355kz
Identifiers
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